Bay Islands English

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Bay Islands English is an English variety spoken on the Bay Islands Department (Guanaja, Roatán, Utila), Honduras. 22,500 native speakers (Caracoles) were reported in 2001.[1] Mainlanders know this language as Caracol, which literally means "conch". Genetically this variety descends from Cayman Islands English.


  • Graham, Ross (1997). Bay Islands English: Linguistic Contact and Convergence in the Western Caribbean. University of Florida.
  • Graham, Ross (2010). "Honduras/Bay Islands English". The Lesser-Known Varieties of English: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press. pp. 92–135. ISBN 978-1-139-48741-2.
  • Warantz, Elissa (1983). "The Bay Islands English of Honduras". In Holm, John A. (ed.). Central American English. Heidelberg: Julius Groos Verlag. pp. 71–94. ISBN 3-87276-295-8.