'Aoa

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'Aoa
Village
'Aoa is located in American Samoa
'Aoa
'Aoa
Coordinates: 14°15′56″S 170°35′2″W / 14.26556°S 170.58389°W / -14.26556; -170.58389Coordinates: 14°15′56″S 170°35′2″W / 14.26556°S 170.58389°W / -14.26556; -170.58389
Country United States
Territory American Samoa
Area
 • Total0.66 sq mi (1.72 km2)
Elevation
3 ft (1 m)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total474
 • Density710/sq mi (280/km2)
Time zoneUTC−11 (Samoa Time Zone)
ZIP code
96799
Area code(s)+1 684

'Aoa is a village on the north-east coast of Tutuila Island, American Samoa.[1] It is located on the north coast, close to the island's eastern tip, at a narrowing of the island and is connected by road with Amouli on the south coast. Aoa is the oldest site on Tutuila to yield ceramics. Located in a large U-shaped valley on the northeast coast of the island, Aoa sits on a wide, sandy beach fronted by a large, deep bay. Fresh water is supplied by a steady river which runs through the village.[2] It is located in Vaifanua County.[3]

Over 40 ancient star mounds have been discovered in the bush near ‘Aoa. Village chiefs believe these elevated stone platforms were used in the ancient chiefly sport of pigeon-snaring. Archeologists believe they served as military lookouts due to their placement at strategic vantage points, perhaps as a military lookout for enemy canoes. Besides the star mounds, lepita pottery has been discovered in ‘Aoa. Some estimates date some of the potshards discovered here to 2000 BCE, while most of the scientific community dates them to 500 BCE. The Department of Tourism operated a camp site here complete with showers and barbecue facilities. The campsite was however closed as of 1994.[4]

It is one of few places in American Samoa with remaining patches of mangrove forest. The largest such forests are found in Nu'uuli and Leone.

'Aoa is adjacent to Fa'alefu, a neighboring village which shares 'Aoa Bay.

History[edit]

In 1942, Austrian immigrant to the U.S., Karl Paul Lippe, was billeted in the village of 'Aoa. He had joined the U.S. Marine Corps and was sent to the Samoan Islands. In the village of 'Aoa, Lippe was embraced by High Chief Logo, who asked him to move into his fale. Eventually, Lippe fell in love with Malele, the chief’s daughter. At the time the young Marine was called off to war, his wife was pregnant. After World War II, he made an attempt to visit American Samoa, but was told no one was allowed to settle in the islands without the Naval Governor’s permission. His request was initially denied but was later accepted when he managed to get in contact with the Chief of Naval Operations in Washington.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Population growth[6]
2010 855
2000 507
1990 491
1980 304
1970 271
1960 202
1950 194
1940 141
1930 137

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shaffer, Robert J. (2000). American Samoa: 100 Years Under the United States Flag. Island Heritage. Page 210. ISBN 9780896103399.
  2. ^ Shaffer, Robert J. (2000). American Samoa: 100 Years Under the United States Flag. Island Heritage. Page 36. ISBN 9780896103399.
  3. ^ Krämer, Augustin (2000). The Samoa Islands. University of Hawaii Press. Page 424. ISBN 9780824822194.
  4. ^ Swaney, Deanna (1994). Samoa: Western & American Samoa: a Lonely Planet Travel Survival Kit. Lonely Planet Publications. Page 178. ISBN 9780864422255.
  5. ^ Kennedy, Joseph (2009). The Tropical Frontier: America’s South Sea Colony. University of Hawaii Press. Page 214. ISBN 9780980033151.
  6. ^ "American Samoa Statistical Yearbook 2016" (PDF). American Samoa Department of Commerce.