1832 in the United States
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Events from the year 1832 in the United States.
- President: Andrew Jackson (D-Tennessee)
- Vice President: John C. Calhoun (D-South Carolina) (until December 28), vacant (starting December 28)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Andrew Stevenson (D-Virginia)
- Congress: 22nd
- February 9 – The city of Jacksonville, Florida receives its town charter from the legislative council of Florida Territory.
- March 3 – In Worcester v. Georgia, the United States Supreme Court holds that Cherokee Indians are entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments.
- March 24 – In Hiram, Ohio a group of men beat, tar and feather Latter Day Saint movement founder Joseph Smith.
- April 6 – The Black Hawk War begins.
- May 9 – Lafayette College classes begin.
- May 21–23 – 1832 Democratic National Convention held in Baltimore.
- July 10 – President Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.
- July 24 – Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains using the South Pass (Wyoming).
- July–August – The 1829–51 cholera pandemic reaches the Northeastern seaboard, beginning with New York City.
- August 27 – Black Hawk (Sauk leader) surrenders to the authorities, ending the Black Hawk War.
- October 8 – Washington Irving and Henry Leavitt Ellsworth arrive at Fort Gibson, Indian Territory (later Fort Gibson, Oklahoma) in the late morning hours. They leave the fort on October 10, with a small company of Rangers who escort them to the camp of Captain Jesse Bean who is waiting for them near the Arkansas River. Thus begins one of the first steps in the United States effort to remove the indigenous peoples of the Americas from their homes on the east coast in what would become known as the "Trail of Tears" some six years later.
- October 19 – Alpha Delta Phi fraternity is founded at Hamilton College (New York).
- November 2–December 5 – Andrew Jackson defeats Henry Clay in the U.S. presidential election.
- November 14 – Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last surviving signatory of the Declaration of Independence dies at his home in Maryland at age 95.
- November 24 – Ordinance of Nullification is passed.
- December 3 – U.S. presidential election, 1832: Andrew Jackson is re-elected president.
- December – Skull and Bones secret society of Yale University established.
- December 28 – John C. Calhoun becomes the first Vice President of the United States to resign.
- George Catlin starts to live among the Sioux in the Dakota Territory.
- Wills Eye Hospital in Philadelphia funded by a bequest.
- Nullification Crisis (1832–1833)
- January 1 – Charles N. Felton, U.S. Senator from California from 1891 to 1893 (died 1914)
- January 13 – Horatio Alger, Jr., Unitarian minister and author (died 1899)
- January 26 – George Shiras Jr., Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (died 1924)
- February 3 – Abram Williams, U.S. Senator from California from 1886 to 1887 (died 1911)
- February 6 – John Brown Gordon, U.S. Senator from Georgia from 1873 to 1880 and from 1891 to 1897 (died 1904)
- February 18 – Nathaniel P. Hill, U.S. Senator from Colorado from 1879 to 1885 (died 1900)
- March 4 – Samuel Colman, Hudson River school painter (died 1920)
- March 10 – Mary Bigelow Ingham, author and educator (died 1923)
- April 3 – James Sewall Reed, soldier (died 1864)
- April 8 – Howell Edmunds Jackson, politician, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (died 1895)
- April 10 – Alexander McDonald, U.S. Senator from Arkansas from 1868 to 1871 (died 1903)
- April 15 – John Irwin, admiral (died 1901)
- April 19 – Lucretia Garfield, First Lady of the United States (died 1918)
- April 22 – Julius Sterling Morton, 3rd United States Secretary of Agriculture (died 1902)
- June 9 – Martha Waldron Janes, minister, suffragist and columnist
- June 10 – Stephen Mosher Wood, politician (died 1920)
- June 11
- June 30 – Emily Lucas Blackall, author and philanthropist (died 1892)
- July 26 – Joseph P. Fyffe, admiral (died 1896)
- August 2 – Henry Steel Olcott, officer (died 1907)
- August 20 – Thaddeus S. C. Lowe, aeronaut, scientist and inventor (died 1913)
- September 10 – Randall L. Gibson, U.S. Senator from Louisiana from 1883 to 1892 (died 1892)
- September 25 – William Le Baron Jenney, architect (died 1907)
- September 26 – Joanna P. Moore, Baptist missionary and educator (died 1916)
- October 1
- October 9 – Elizabeth Akers Allen, poet and journalist (died 1911)
- October 10 – Joe Cain, parade organizer for Mardi Gras in Mobile, Alabama (died 1904)
- November 7 – Andrew Dickson White, historian, diplomat and co-founder of Cornell University (died 1918)
- November 21 – Benjamin Paul Blood, philosopher and poet (died 1919)
- November 26 – Mary Edwards Walker, physician (died 1919)
- November 29 – Louisa May Alcott, novelist (died 1888)
- December 6 – Thaddeus C. Pound, businessman and politician (died 1914)
- Undated – Boston Corbett, Union Army soldier who fatally shoots John Wilkes Booth (died ca. 1894)
- February 1 – Archibald Murphey, North Carolina politician (born c. 1777)
- February 2 – Amos Doolittle, engraver (born 1754)
- June 10 – Joseph Hiester, politician (born 1752)
- November 12 – Henry Eckford, shipbuilder, naval architect, industrial engineer and entrepreneur (born 1775 in Scotland)
- November 14 – Charles Carroll, last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, U.S. Senator (born 1737)
- December 17 – Robert Charles Sands, writer (born 1799)
- December 18 – Philip Freneau, poet and journalist (born 1752)
- December 22 – Ishmail Spicer, music teacher, composer and publisher (born 1760)
- Media related to 1832 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons