|1969 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2722|
|Balinese saka calendar||1890–1891|
|British Regnal year||17 Eliz. 2 – 18 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||戊申年 (Earth Monkey)|
4665 or 4605
— to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
4666 or 4606
|- Vikram Samvat||2025–2026|
|- Shaka Samvat||1890–1891|
|- Kali Yuga||5069–5070|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 44|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 58|
|Thai solar calendar||2512|
2095 or 1714 or 942
— to —
2096 or 1715 or 943
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1969.|
1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1969th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 969th year of the 2nd millennium, the 69th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1960s decade. The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11), the creation of the internet, and the commencement of the Gay Rights Movement.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January 1 – Ohio State defeats USC in the Rose Bowl to win the national college football championship for the 1968 season.
- January 2
- January 4 – The Government of Spain hands over Ifni to Morocco.
- January 5 –
- January 6 – The final passenger train traverses the Waverley Line, which subsequently closes to passengers.
- January 10 – The Soviet Union launches Venera 6 toward Venus.
- January 12
- January 14
- January 15 – The Soviet Union launches Soyuz 5, which docks with Soyuz 4 for a transfer of crew.
- January 16 –
- Two cosmonauts transfer from Soyuz 5 to Soyuz 4 via a spacewalk while the two craft are docked together, the first time such a transfer takes place. The two spacecraft undock and return to Earth two days later.
- Student Jan Palach sets himself on fire in Prague's Wenceslas Square to protest the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia; 3 days later he dies.
- January 18 – In Washington, D.C., the Smithsonian Institution displays the art of Winslow Homer for 6 weeks.
- January 20 – Richard Nixon is sworn in as the 37th President of the United States.
- January 22 – An assassination attempt is carried out on Leonid Brezhnev by deserter Viktor Ilyin. One person is killed, several are injured. Brezhnev escaped unharmed.
- January 26 – Elvis Presley steps into American Studios in Memphis, Tennessee, recording "Long Black Limousine", thus beginning the recording of what becomes his landmark comeback sessions for the albums From Elvis in Memphis and Back in Memphis. The sessions yield the popular and critically acclaimed singles "Suspicious Minds", "In the Ghetto", and "Kentucky Rain".
- January 27
- Fourteen men, 9 of them Jews, are executed in Baghdad for spying for Israel.
- Reverend Ian Paisley, Northern Irish Unionist leader and founder of the Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster is jailed for three months for illegal assembly.
- The modern-day powerhouse of the Hetch Hetchy Project at Moccasin, California, rated at 100,000 kVA, is completed and placed in operation. On February 7, the original is removed from service.
- January 28 – 1969 Santa Barbara oil spill: A blowout on Union Oil's Platform A spills 80,000 to 100,000 barrels of crude oil into a channel and onto the beaches of Santa Barbara County in Southern California; on February 5 the oil spill closes Santa Barbara's harbor. The incident inspires Wisconsin Senator Gaylord Nelson to organize the first Earth Day in 1970.
- January 30 – The Beatles give their last public performance, of several tracks on the roof of Apple Records, London (featured in Let It Be (1970 film)).
- February 4 – In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is elected Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress.
- February 5 – The controversial television show Turn-On premieres on the ABC network in the United States and is canceled after one episode following protests by viewers and ABC affiliate stations.
- February 8
- February 9 – The Boeing 747 "jumbo jet" is flown for the first time, taking off from the Boeing airfield at Everett, Washington.
- February 13 – Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) terrorists bomb the Montreal Stock Exchange.
- February 14 – Pope Paul VI issues Mysterii Paschalis, a motu proprio, deleting many names from the Roman calendar of saints (including Valentine, who was celebrated on this day).
- February 17 – Aquanaut Berry L. Cannon dies of carbon dioxide poisoning while attempting to repair the SEALAB III habitat off San Clemente Island, California.
- February 24
- The Mariner 6 Mars probe is launched from the United States.
- Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the First Amendment to the United States Constitution applies to public schools.
- March 2
- March 3
- Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 (James McDivitt, Rusty Schweickart, David Scott) to test the lunar module.
- In a Los Angeles court, Sirhan Sirhan admits that he killed presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy.
- The United States Navy establishes the Navy Fighter Weapons School (also known as Top Gun) at Naval Air Station Miramar.
- March 4 – Arrest warrants are issued by a Florida court for Jim Morrison on charges of indecent exposure during a Doors concert three days earlier.
- March 10
- March 13 – Apollo program: Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.
- March 16 – Viasa Flight 742 crashes into a neighborhood in Maracaibo, Venezuela, shortly after taking off for Miami; all 84 people on board the DC-9 jet are killed along with 71 people on the ground.
- March 17
- March 18 – Operation Breakfast, the covert bombing of Cambodia by U.S. planes, begins. An annular solar eclipse was visible in Indian and Pacific Oceans, and was the 49th solar eclipse of Solar Saros 129.
- March 19
- March 20
- One hundred of the 105 passengers and crew on a United Arab Airlines flight, most of them Muslim pilgrims returning to Aswan from Mecca, are killed when the Ilyushin-18 turboprop crashes during a sandstorm.
- John Lennon and Yoko Ono are married at Gibraltar, and proceed to their honeymoon "Bed-In" for peace in Amsterdam.
- March 22
- March 28 – Pope Paul VI increases the number of Roman Catholic cardinals by one-third, from 101 to 134.
- March 29 – The Eurovision Song Contest 1969 is held in Madrid, and results in four co-winners, with 18 votes each, from Spain, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and France.
- March 30 – The body of former United States General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower is brought by caisson to the United States Capitol to lie in state in the Capitol Rotunda; Eisenhower had died two days earlier, after a long illness, in the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.
- March 31 – The Barroterán coal mine disaster kills 153 coal miners in Mexico
- April 1 – The Hawker Siddeley Harrier enters service with the Royal Air Force.
- April 4 – Dr. Denton Cooley implants the first temporary artificial heart.
- April 8 – The Montreal Expos debut as Major League Baseball's first team outside the United States.
- April 9
- The Harvard University Administration Building is seized by close to 300 students, mostly members of the Students for a Democratic Society. Before the takeover ends, 45 will be injured and 184 arrested.
- Fermín Monasterio Pérez is murdered by the ETA in Biscay, Spain; the 4th victim in the name of Basque nationalism.
- April 13 – Queensland: The Brisbane Tramways end service after 84 years of operation.
- April 15 – The EC-121 shootdown incident: North Korea shoots down the aircraft over the Sea of Japan, killing all 31 on board.
- April 20
- April 22 – Robin Knox-Johnston becomes the first person to sail around the world solo without stopping.
- April 24 – Recently formed British Leyland launches their first new model, the Austin Maxi in Portugal.
- April 28 – Charles de Gaulle steps down as president of France after suffering defeat in a referendum the day before.
- May 4 – In a repeat of the previous season's finals, the Montreal Canadiens defeat the St. Louis Blues four games to none to win the Stanley Cup.
- May 10
- May 13 – May 13 Incident: Race riots occur in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
- May 14 – Colonel Muammar Gaddafi visits Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
- May 15 – An American teenager known as 'Robert R.' dies in St. Louis, Missouri, of a baffling medical condition. In 1984 it will be identified as the earliest confirmed case of HIV/AIDS in North America.
- May 16 – Venera program: Venera 5, a Soviet spaceprobe, lands on Venus.
- May 17 – Venera program: Soviet probe Venera 6 begins to descend into Venus's atmosphere, sending back atmospheric data before being crushed by pressure.
- May 18 – Apollo program: Apollo 10 (Gene Cernan, Tom Stafford, John Young) is launched as a full rehearsal for the Moon landing, but stops 15 kilometers short of actually reaching the lunar surface.
- May 20 – United States National Guard helicopters spray skin-stinging powder on anti-war protesters in California.
- May 21 – Rosariazo: Civil unrest breaks out in Rosario, Argentina, following the death of a 15-year-old student.
- May 22 – Apollo program: Apollo 10's lunar module flies to within 15,400 m of the Moon's surface.
- May 25 – Midnight Cowboy, an X-rated, Oscar-winning John Schlesinger film, is released.
- May 26
- May 26–June 2 – John Lennon and Yoko Ono conduct their second Bed-In. The follow-up to the Amsterdam event is held at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montreal, Quebec. Lennon composes and records the song Give Peace a Chance during the Bed-In.
- May 29 – Cordobazo: A general strike and civil unrest break out in Córdoba, Argentina.
- May 30 – Riots in Curaçao mark the start of an Afro-Caribbean civil rights movement on the island.
- June 3 – While operating at sea on SEATO maneuvers, the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne accidentally rams and slices into the American destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in the South China Sea, killing 74 American seamen.
- June 5 – An international communist conference begins in Moscow.
- June 7 – The rock group Blind Faith plays its first gig in front of 100,000 people in London's Hyde Park.
- June 8 – Francisco Franco orders the closing of the Gibraltar–Spain border and communications between Gibraltar and Spain in response to the 1967 Gibraltar sovereignty referendum. The border remains closed until a partial reopening on December 15, 1982.
- June 8 – U.S. President Richard Nixon and South Vietnamese President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu meet at Midway Island. Nixon announces that 25,000 U.S. troops will be withdrawn by September.
- June 15 – Georges Pompidou is elected President of France.
- June 17 – After a 23-game match, Boris Spassky defeats Tigran Petrosian to become the World Chess Champion in Moscow.
- June 18–22 – The National Convention of the Students for a Democratic Society, held in Chicago, collapses and the Weatherman faction seizes control of the SDS National Office. Thereafter, any activity run from the National Office or bearing the name of SDS is Weatherman-controlled.
- June 22
- June 23 – Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States by retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren.
- June 24 – The United Kingdom and Rhodesia sever diplomatic relations, after Rhodesian constitutional referendum.
- June 28 – The Stonewall riots in New York City mark the start of the modern gay rights movement in the U.S.
- July 1 – Charles, Prince of Wales, is invested with his title at Caernarfon.
- July 3 – Brian Jones, musician and founder of The Rolling Stones, drowns in his swimming pool at his home in Sussex, England.
- July 4 – Michael Mageau and Darlene Ferrin are shot at Blue Rock Springs in California. They are the second (known) victims of the Zodiac Killer. Mageau survives the attack while Ferrin is pronounced dead-on-arrival at Kaiser Foundation Hospital - Richmond.
- July 5 – Tom Mboya, Kenyan Minister of Development, is assassinated.
- July 7 – French is made equal to English throughout the Canadian national government.
- July 8 – Vietnam War: The very first U.S. troop withdrawals are made.
- July 10 – Donald Crowhurst's trimaran Teignmouth Electron sailing vessel is found drifting and unoccupied. It is presumed that Crowhurst's disappearance might have been due to him committing suicide at sea.
- July 14
- Football War: After Honduras loses a soccer game against El Salvador, rioting breaks out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers. Of the 300,000 Salvadoran workers in Honduras, tens of thousands are expelled, prompting a brief Salvadoran invasion of Honduras. The OAS works out a cease-fire on July 18, which takes effect on July 20.
- The Act of Free Choice commences in Merauke, West Irian.
- The United States' $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
- July 16 – Apollo program: Apollo 11 (Buzz Aldrin, Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins) lifts off towards the first landing on the Moon.
- July 18 – Chappaquiddick incident – Edward M. Kennedy drives off a bridge on his way home from a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts. Mary Jo Kopechne, a former campaign aide to his brother, dies in the early morning hours of July 19 in the submerged car.
- July 19
- July 20 – Apollo program: At 10:56 pm ET (02:56 UTC July 21) the lunar module Eagle | Apollo 11 lands on the lunar surface. An estimated 500 million people worldwide, the largest television audience for a live broadcast at that time, watch in awe as Neil Armstrong takes his first historic steps on the surface of the Moon.
- July 22 – Spanish dictator and head of state Francisco Franco appoints Prince Juan Carlos his successor.
- July 24
- The Apollo 11 returns from the first successful Moon landing and the astronauts are placed in biological isolation for several days in case they may have brought back lunar germs. The airless lunar environment is later determined to rule out microscopic life.
- The Soviet Union returns British lecturer Gerald Brooke to the United Kingdom freed from a Soviet prison in exchange for their spies Peter and Helen Kroger (Morris and Lona Cohen).
- July 25 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This starts the "Vietnamization" of the war.
- July 26 – The New York Chapter of the Young Lords is founded.
- July 30 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam, meeting with President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu and U.S. military commanders.
- July 31
- August 4 – Vietnam War: At the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny in Paris, U.S. representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuan Thuy begin secret peace negotiations. They eventually fail since both sides cannot agree to any terms.
- August 5 – Mariner program: Mariner 7 makes its closest fly-by of Mars (3,524 kilometers).
- August 8
- August 9
- Members of the Manson Family invade the home of actress Sharon Tate and her husband Roman Polanski in Los Angeles. The followers kill Tate (who was 8 months pregnant), and her friends: Folgers coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Wojciech Frykowski, and Hollywood hairstylist Jay Sebring. Also killed is Steven Parent, leaving from a visit to the Polanski's caretaker. More than 100 stab wounds are found on the victims, except for Parent, who had been shot almost as soon as the Manson Family entered the property.
- The Haunted Mansion attraction opens at Disneyland in Anaheim, California. Later versions open in Florida, Tokyo and Paris.
- August 10 – The Manson Family kills Leno and Rosemary LaBianca, wealthy Los Angeles businessman and his wife.
- August 12 – Violence erupts after the Apprentice Boys of Derry march in Derry, Northern Ireland, resulting in a three-day communal riot known as the Battle of the Bogside.
- August 13 – Serious border clashes occur between the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China.
- August 14 – British troops are deployed in Northern Ireland following the 3 day Battle of the Bogside to restore law and order.
- August 15 – Captain D's is founded as "Mr. D's Seafood and Hamburgers" by Ray Danner with its first location opening in Donelson, Tennessee.
- August 15–18 – The Woodstock Festival is held near White Lake, New York, featuring some of the top rock musicians of the era.
- August 17 – Category 5 Hurricane Camille, the most powerful tropical cyclonic system at landfall in history, hits the Mississippi coast, killing 248 people and causing US$1.5 billion in damage (1969 dollars).
- August 18 – Long John Silver's restaurant chain opens its first store in Lexington, Kentucky.
- August 20 – Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument is established in Florissant, Colorado, U.S.
- August 21
- August 24 – V. V. Giri elected President of India
- August 29 – A Trans World Airlines flight from Rome to Tel Aviv is hijacked and diverted to Syria.
- September 1 – 1969 Libyan coup d'état: A bloodless coup in Libya ousts King Idris and brings Colonel Muammar Gaddafi to power.
- September 2
- September 5 – Lieutenant William Calley is charged with six counts of premeditated murder for the 1968 My Lai Massacre deaths of 109 Vietnamese civilians in My Lai, Vietnam.
- September 9 – Allegheny Airlines Flight 853, a DC-9 airliner, collides in flight with a small Piper PA-28 airplane, and crashes near Fairland, Indiana, killing all 83 persons in both aircraft.
- September 11 – An annular solar eclipse was visible in Pacific Ocean and South America, and was the 41st solar eclipse of Solar Saros 134.
- September 13 – Scooby-Doo airs its first episode on the CBS network in the United States.
- September 14 – Persons who were born during the years from 1944 to 1951, and who celebrate their birthdays on this day, mark the occasion without being aware that September 14 will be the first date selected in the new U.S. draft lottery on December 1.
- September 20
- September 22 – San Francisco Giant Willie Mays becomes the first major league baseball player since Babe Ruth to hit 600 career home runs.
- September 22–25 – An Islamic conference in Rabat, Morocco, following the al-Aqsa Mosque fire (August 21), condemns the Israeli claim of ownership of Jerusalem.
- September 23
- September 24 – The Chicago Eight trial begins in Chicago, Illinois.
- September 25 – The Organisation of the Islamic Conference is founded.
- September 26
- September 28 – West German federal election, 1969: The Social Democrats, led by Vice Chancellor Willy Brandt, and the Free Democrats led by Walter Scheel, formed a coalition government with Brandt as Chancellor, after the Social Democrats severed their relationship with Chancellor Kurt Georg Kiesinger's Christian Democratic Union.
- October 1
- October 2 – A 1.2 megaton thermonuclear device is tested at Amchitka Island, Alaska. This test is code-named Project Milrow, the 11th test of the Operation Mandrel 1969–1970 underground nuclear test series. This test is known as a "calibration shot" to test if the island is fit for larger underground nuclear detonations.
- October 5
- October 9–12 – Days of Rage: In Chicago, the Illinois National Guard is called in to control demonstrations involving the radical Weathermen, in connection with the "Chicago Eight" Trial.
- October 11–16 – The New York Mets defeat the Baltimore Orioles four games to one in one of the greatest World Series upsets in baseball history.
- October 13
- An unofficial strike amongst British mineworkers begins over the working hours of surface workers.
- October 15
- October 17
- October 21
- October 22 – Led Zeppelin release Led Zeppelin II to critical acclaim and commercial success.
- October 25 – Australian federal election, 1969: John Gorton's Liberal/Country Coalition Government is narrowly re-elected with a sharply reduced majority, defeating a resurgent Labor Party led by Gough Whitlam. Prime Minister Gorton survived a leadership challenge by his deputy William McMahon as well as David Fairbairn in the immediate aftermath of the election.
- October 29 – The first message is sent over ARPANET, the forerunner of the internet.
- October 31
- Wal-Mart incorporates as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
- The disappearance of Patricia Spencer and Pamela Hobley occurs.
- November 3
- November 7 – Pink Floyd release their Ummagumma album.
- November 9 – A group of American Indians, led by Richard Oakes, seizes Alcatraz Island as a symbolic gesture, offering to buy the property for $24 from the U.S. government. A longer occupation begins 11 days later. The act inspires a wave of renewed Indian pride and government reform.
- November 10 – Sesame Street airs its first episode on the NET network.
- November 12 – Vietnam War – My Lai Massacre: Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai story.
- November 14
- November 15
- Cold War: The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea.
- Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 250,000–500,000 protesters stage a peaceful demonstration against the war, including a symbolic "March Against Death".
- Regular colour television broadcasts begin on BBC1 and ITV in the United Kingdom.
- Dave Thomas opens his first restaurant in a former steakhouse in downtown Columbus, Ohio. He names the chain Wendy's after his 8-year-old daughter, Melinda Lou (nicknamed "Wendy" by her siblings).
- November 17 – Cold War: Negotiators from the Soviet Union and the United States meet in Helsinki, to begin the SALT I negotiations aimed at limiting the number of strategic weapons on both sides.
- November 19
- November 20
- November 21
- U.S. President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Satō agree in Washington, D.C. to the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. Under the terms of the agreement, the U.S. retains rights to military bases on the island, but they must be nuclear-free.
- The first ARPANET link is established (the progenitor of the global Internet).
- The United States Senate votes down the Supreme Court nomination of Clement Haynsworth, the first such rejection since 1930.
- November 22 – College Football: Michigan ends Ohio State's 22-game winning streak with a 24-12 upset at Ann Arbor, denying the Buckeyes their second consecutive national championship.
- November 24 – Apollo program: The Apollo 12 spacecraft splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to the Moon.
- November 25 – John Lennon returns his MBE medal to protest the British government's involvement in the Nigerian Civil War.
- November 29 – In basketball, South Korea defeats the Philippines 95 to 86 to win the 1969 ABC Championship in Bangkok, Thailand.
- December 1 – Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States since World War II is held. September 14 is the first of the 366 days of the year selected, meaning that those persons who were born on September 14 in the years from 1944 to 1951 would be the first to be summoned. On January 4, 1970, The New York Times will run a long article, "Statisticians Charge Draft Lottery Was Not Random".
- December 2 – The Boeing 747 jumbo jet makes its first passenger flight. It carries 191 people, most of them reporters and photographers, from Seattle to New York City.
- December 4 – Black Panther Party members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark are shot dead in their sleep during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.
- December 5 – The Rolling Stones album Let It Bleed is released.
- December 6
- College football: #1 ranked Texas rallies from 14-0 deficit with two fourth quarter touchdowns to edge #2 Arkansas 15-14 at Fayetteville in a game attended by President of the United States Richard Nixon and several high-ranking government dignitaries, including future President George H.W. Bush. The victory clinches the national championship of the coaches poll for the Longhorns; they would win the Associated Press national championship by defeating Notre Dame 21-17 in the Cotton Bowl on New Year's Day.
- The Altamont Free Concert is held at the Altamont Speedway in northern California. Hosted by The Rolling Stones, it is an attempt at a "Woodstock West" and is best known for the uproar of violence that occurred. It is viewed by many as the "end of the sixties."
- December 7 – The animated Rankin Bass Christmas special Frosty the Snowman premiers on CBS.
- December 12 – The Piazza Fontana bombing in Milan, Italy kills 17 people and injures 88.
- December 14 – The murder of Diane Maxwell takes place. The 25-year-old phone operator is found sexually assaulted and killed (the case remains unsolved until 2003).
- December 24
- December 27 – The Liberal Democratic Party wins 47.6% of the votes in the Japanese general election, 1969. Future prime ministers Yoshirō Mori and Tsutomu Hata and future kingmaker Ichirō Ozawa are elected for the first time.
- December 28 – The Young Lords take over the First Spanish Methodist Church in East Harlem.
- December 30 – The Linwood bank robbery leaves two police officers dead.
- Summer – Invention of Unix under the potential name "Unics" (after Multics).
- Fall – Second-generation Dodge Challenger automobile introduced in the United States.
- Common African, Malagasy and Mauritian Organization (OCAMM) (Organisation Commune Africaine Malgache et Mauricienne) is established.
- International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, a maritime treaty, is adopted.
- The first strain of the AIDS virus (HIV) migrates to the United States via Haiti.
- Women are allowed membership in the Future Farmers of America (the later National FFA Organization).
- Arthur Treacher's Fish and Chips is founded by S. Robert Davis and Dave Thomas and its first location in Columbus, Ohio opens for business.
- January 1
- January 2
- January 3 – Michael Schumacher, German seven-time Formula 1 world champion
- January 5
- January 6 – Norman Reedus, American actor
- January 11 – Kyōko Hikami, Japanese voice actress
- January 13
- January 14
- January 15 – Meret Becker, German actress and musician
- January 16
- January 17 – Lukas Moodysson, Swedish film director
- January 18
- January 19 – Junior Seau, American NFL player (d. 2012)
- January 20 – Patrick K. Kroupa, American writer, hacker
- January 27
- January 28
- January 29 – Hyde, Japanese rock musician, singer and guitarist
- February 1
- February 2 – Dambisa Moyo, Zambian-born economist
- February 3
- February 5
- February 6 – David Hayter, Canadian-American voice actor
- February 7 – Andrew Micallef, Maltese painter and musician
- February 9
- February 11
- February 12
- February 13
- February 15
- February 19 – Burton C. Bell, American rock vocalist/lyricist
- February 20 – Keiji Takayama, Japanese professional wrestler
- February 21
- February 22 – Thomas Jane, American actor, producer and writer
- February 23
- February 24 – Christine Ng, Hong Kong actress
- February 28
- March 1
- March 4
- March 7 – Todd Williams, American long-distance runner
- March 10 – Paget Brewster, American actress
- March 11
- March 12
- March 13 – Susanna Mälkki, Finnish conductor
- March 15
- March 16 – Markus Lanz, German-Italian television presenter
- March 17 – Alexander McQueen, British fashion designer (d. 2010)
- March 18
- March 19
- March 21 – Ali Daei, Iranian football player
- March 24 – Stephan Eberharter, Austrian alpine skier
- March 25 – Jeffrey Walker, English musician
- March 27
- March 28
- March 29
- April 1
- April 2 – Ajay Devgan, Bollywood actor
- April 3
- April 6
- April 9
- April 10 – Billy Jayne, American actor
- April 11
- April 12 – Michael Jackson, former NFL wide receiver (d. 2017)
- April 13 – Ha Wen, Chinese director
- April 19
- April 20 – Marietta Slomka, German journalist
- April 21 – Toby Stephens, English actor
- April 22 – Dion Dublin, English footballer
- April 23 – Yelena Shushunova, Soviet gymnast (d. 2018)
- April 25
- April 27 – Cory Booker, American politician and U.S. Senator (New Jersey)
- April 29
- Jack Mackenroth, American swimmer, model and fashion designer
- May 1 – Wes Anderson, American director, producer, screenwriter and actor
- May 2
- May 3 – Daryl F. Mallett, American author and actor
- May 4
- May 5 – Hideki Irabu, Japanese baseball player (d. 2011)
- May 6 – Jim Magilton, Northern Irish footballer
- May 7
- May 8 – Michael E. Rodgers, Scottish actor
- May 9
- May 10 – Dennis Bergkamp, Dutch soccer player
- May 12 – Kim Fields, American actress
- May 13
- May 14
- May 15 – Emmitt Smith, American football player
- May 16
- May 18 – Martika, American singer
- May 21 – Georgiy Gongadze, Ukrainian journalist (d. 2000)
- May 25
- May 26 – Siri Lindley, American triathlete
- May 28 – Rob Ford, Canadian politician (d. 2016)
- June 2 – Jamie Thraves, English film writer, director and music video director
- June 3 – Takako Minekawa, Japanese musician, composer and writer
- June 4 – Rob Huebel, American comedian
- June 7
- June 8 – J. P. Manoux, American actor
- June 11
- June 12
- June 13 – Søren Rasted, Danish musician
- June 14
- June 15
- June 16
- June 17
- June 18 – Haki Doku, Albanian para-cyclist
- June 19 – Trine Pallesen, Danish actress
- June 20 – Paulo Bento, Portuguese football player and coach
- June 21 – Pat Sansone, American guitarist
- June 23
- June 24
- June 25 – Storm Large, American singer and actor
- June 26 – Mike Myers, American baseball pitcher
- June 27 – Draco Rosa, Puerto Rican musician, singer, songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, dancer, record producer and entrepreneur
- June 28
- June 30
- July 2
- July 3
- July 4 – Jordan Sonnenblick, American teacher and novelist
- July 5 – John LeClair, American hockey player
- July 6
- July 7
- July 8
- July 9 – Munkhbayar Dorjsuren, Mongolian-German sport shooter
- July 10
- July 11 – David Tao, Taiwanese singer-songwriter
- July 13 – Ken Jeong, American actor, comedian and physician
- July 14 – Billy Herrington, American gay pornographic actor (d. 2018)
- July 15 – Chris Wyse, American bassist of Owl and The Cult
- July 16 – Sahra Wagenknecht, German politician
- July 17
- July 18
- July 19
- July 20
- July 21
- July 22
- July 23
- John Cariani, American actor and playwright
- Phil Edge, British Theatre Lighting Designer
- July 24 – Jennifer Lopez, American actress and singer
- July 25 – Jason Harris Katz, American voice actor and television host
- July 26 – Tanni Grey-Thompson, born Carys Grey, British Paralympian
- July 27
- July 28
- July 29 – Timothy Omundson, American actor
- July 30 – Simon Baker, Australian-American actor and director
- July 31 – Antonio Conte, Italian football player and manager
- August 1 – David Wain, American comedian, writer, actor, and director
- August 2
- August 3 – Anne Marie DeLuise, Canadian actress
- August 4
- August 5 – Kenny Irwin Jr., NASCAR Driver (d. 2000)
- August 6
- August 8
- August 9 – Troy Percival, American baseball player
- August 10 – Brian Drummond, Canadian voice actor
- August 11
- August 12 – Tanita Tikaram, German-born British singer-songwriter
- August 13 – Midori Ito, Japanese figure skater
- August 14 – Chris Pérez, Mexican-American guitarist
- August 15
- August 16 – Kate Higgins, American voice actress
- August 17
- August 18
- August 19
- August 21 – Oliver Geissen, German television presenter
- August 26 – Glenn Berger, American scriptwriter
- August 28 – Jack Black, American actor and musician
- August 29
- August 30 – Kent Osborne, American actor and producer
- September 2
- September 3 – Robert Karlsson, Swedish golfer
- September 4
- September 5 – Dweezil Zappa, American actor and musician
- September 7
- September 8 – Gary Speed, Welsh footballer and manager (d. 2011)
- September 9 – Rachel Hunter, New Zealand model and actress
- September 10 – Ai Jing, Chinese singer
- September 11 – Crystal Lewis, American Christian musician
- September 12
- September 13
- September 14 – Bong Joon-ho, South Korean screenwriter and film director
- September 17
- September 19
- September 24
- September 25
- September 26
- September 29 – Erika Eleniak, American model and actress
- October 1
- October 2 – Mitch English, American actor and television host
- October 3
- October 5 – Elizabeth Azcona Bocock, Honduran politician
- October 6
- October 7
- October 8 – Julia Ann, American pornographic actress
- October 9
- October 10
- October 12 – Judit Mascó, Spanish model, television host and writer
- October 13
- October 14
- October 15 – Kim Raver, American actress
- October 16
- October 17
- October 19
- October 20
- October 21 – Michael Hancock, Australian rugby league footballer
- October 22 – Spike Jonze, American director and filmmaker
- October 24
- October 25
- October 30
- October 31
- November 1 – Diane Parish, English actress
- November 2 – Reginald Arvizu (aka Fieldy Snuts), American bassist
- November 3 – Robert Miles, Swiss-born Italian record producer and DJ (d. 2017)
- November 4
- November 7
- November 8 – Jonathan Slavin, American actor and activist
- November 9
- November 10
- November 12
- November 13
- November 17
- November 18
- November 19
- November 20
- November 21 – Ken Griffey Jr., American baseball player
- November 23 – Robin Padilla, Filipino actor
- November 24 – David Adeang, Nauruan politician
- November 27 – Carina Ricco, Mexican actress and singer
- November 28
- November 29
- November 30 – Trina Gulliver, English darts player
- December 1
- December 3 – Bill Steer, English musician
- December 4 – Jay Z, African-American rapper
- December 5 – Alex Kapp Horner, American actress
- December 7 – Patrice O'Neal, American comedian and radio personality (d. 2011)
- December 8 – Kerry Earnhardt, American race car driver
- December 9
- December 11
- December 13 – Hideo Ishikawa, Japanese voice actor
- December 14
- December 15 – Rick Law, American illustrator and producer
- December 16 – Michelle Smith, Irish swimmer
- December 17
- December 18
- December 19
- December 20 – Chisa Yokoyama, Japanese voice actress
- December 21
- December 23
- December 24
- Brad Anderson, American wrestler
- Milan Blagojevic, Australian soccer player
- Pernille Fischer Christensen, Danish film director
- Taro Goto, Japanese soccer player
- Leavander Johnson, American lightweight boxer (d. 2005)
- Ryuji Kato, Japanese soccer player
- Nick Love, English film director and writer
- Miyuki Matsushita, Japanese voice actress
- Clinton McKinnon, American musician
- Sean Cameron Michael, South African actor and singer
- Ed Miliband, English academic and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
- Mark Millar, Scottish author
- Luis Musrri, Chilean soccer player
- Mariko Shiga, Japanese voice actress (d. 1989)
- Oleg Skripochka, Russian cosmonaut
- Gintaras Staučė, Lithuanian soccer player
- Chen Yueling, American race walker
- Jonathan Zittrain, American professor
- Michael Zucchet, American economist and politician, Mayor of San Diego
- December 25 – Nicolas Godin, French musician
- December 27
- December 28 – Linus Torvalds, Finnish computer programmer
- December 30
- December 31 – Dominik Diamond, Scottish presenter and newspaper columnist
- Russ Kick, American writer and founder of The Memory Hole.
- He Jing (TV presenter), Chinese host and presenter
- January 1 – Barton MacLane, American actor (b. 1902)
- January 2 – Gilbert Miller, American theatrical producer (b. 1884)
- January 3
- January 8 – Albert Hill, British athlete (b. 1889)
- January 17
- January 25 – Irene Castle, English dancer (b. 1893)
- January 27
- January 29 – Allen Dulles, American director of the Central Intelligence Agency (b. 1893)
- January 31 – Meher Baba, Indian spiritual master (b. 1894)
- February 2 – Boris Karloff, British actor (b. 1887)
- February 3
- February 5
- February 9 – Gabby Hayes, American actor (b. 1885)
- February 10 – Laura Třešňáková°, Czech actress (b. 1895) °-See Czech Wikipedia Page.
- February 12 – Paltiel Daykan, Russian-born Israeli jurist (b. 1885)
- February 13 – Florence Mary Taylor, Australia's first female architect (b. 1879)
- February 14 – Vito Genovese, Italian-American mobster (b. 1897)
- February 15 – Pee Wee Russell, American jazz musician (b. 1906)
- February 17 – Paul Barbarin, American jazz musician (b. 1899)
- February 23 – Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (b. 1902)
- February 26
- February 27
- March 3
- March 4 – Nicholas Schenck, Russian-born film impresario (b. 1881)
- March 6
- March 9
- March 11
- March 14 – Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-American artist (b. 1898)
- March 18 – Barbara Bates, American actress (b. 1925)
- March 21 – Pinky Higgins, American baseball player and manager (b. 1909)
- March 24 – Joseph Kasavubu, 1st President of Congo-Léopoldville (b. 1910)
- March 25
- March 28 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, American general and politician, 34th President of the United States (b. 1890)
- March 31 – George de la Warr, British alternative physician (b. 1904)
- April 2 – Fortunio Bonanova, Spanish actor and singer (b. 1895)
- April 4 – Félix Conde Falcón, American army soldier, recipient of the Medal of Honor (b. 1938)
- April 5
- April 6 – Gabriel Chevallier, French writer (b. 1895)
- April 7
- April 10 – Harley Earl, American designer and executive (b. 1893)
- April 14 – Matilde Muñoz Sampedro, Spanish actress (b. 1900)
- April 15 – Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, former Queen consort of Spain (b. 1887)
- April 17 – Abu Hussain Sarkar, Bengali politician (b. 1894)
- April 20 – Benny Benjamin, American urban and jazz musician (b. 1925)
- April 22 – Husain Bey, Crown Prince of Tunisia (b. 1893)
- April 24 – Ernie Blenkinsop, English footballer (b. 1902)
- April 26 – Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of aikido (b. 1883)
- April 27 – René Barrientos, Bolivian general and statesman, 56th and 58th President of Bolivia (plane crash) (b. 1919)
- May 1 – Ella Logan, Scottish-American actress and singer (b. 1910)
- May 2 – Franz von Papen, Prussian-German nobleman, general and politician, 22nd Chancellor of Germany and 26th Prime Minister of Prussia (b. 1879)
- May 3
- May 6 – Don Drummond, Jamaican ska musician (b. 1932)
- May 9 – Vincenzo Musolino, Italian actor, director, producer and screenwriter (b. 1930)
- May 11 – Salomão Barbosa Ferraz, Brazilian Roman Catholic priest and bishop (b. 1880)
- May 12 – Martin Lamble, British folk rock musician (b. 1949)
- May 14
- May 15
- May 20
- May 21 – William Lincoln Bakewell, American aboard (b. 1888)
- May 23 – Jimmy McHugh, American composer (b. 1894)
- May 24
- May 27
- May 28 – Emilio Bigi, Paraguayan musician (b. 1910)
- June 1
- June 4
- Rafael Osuna, Mexican professional tennis player and winner of the 1963 U.S. Open and three Grand Slam doubles titles, in the crash of Mexicana Flight 704. (b. 1938)
- June 8 – Robert Taylor, American actor (b. 1911)
- June 11 – John L. Lewis, President of the United Mine Workers of America from 1920 to 1960 (b. 1889)
- June 12 – Aleksandr Deyneka, Russian painter and sculptor (b. 1899)
- June 15 – Sargis Abrahamyan, Russian writer (b. 1915)
- June 16 – Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, British field marshal and Government official, 17th Governor General of Canada (b. 1891)
- June 18 – Edgar Anderson, American botanist (b. 1897)
- June 19 – Natalie Talmadge, American actress (b. 1898)
- June 20 – Mohamed Siddiq El-Minshawi, Egyptian Qur' anic reciter (b. 1920)
- June 22 – Judy Garland, American actress and singer (b. 1922)
- June 28
- June 30
- July 2
- July 3 – Brian Jones, British rock musician (b. 1942)
- July 5
- July 6 – Laura Latorre Mendoza, Filipino Roman Catholic widow, catechist and saint (b. 1877)
- July 7
- July 9 – Raizō Tanaka, Japanese admiral (b. 1892)
- July 13 – Muhammad Shahidullah, Bengali educationist (b. 1885)
- July 17 – Harry Benham, American actor (b. 1884)
- July 18
- July 20 – Cathy Wayne, entertainer; first Australian woman killed in the Vietnam War (b. 1949)
- July 21 – A. D. King, American civil rights activist (b. 1930)
- July 24 – Witold Gombrowicz, Polish novelist and dramatist (b. 1904)
- July 25 – Otto Dix, German painter (b. 1891)
- July 26
- July 28 – Frank Loesser, American songwriter (b. 1910)
- August 1 – Donald Keith, American actor (b. 1903)
- August 2 – Leslie Cliff, British pair figure skater (b. 1908)
- August 5 – Duke Adolf Friedrich of Mecklenburg (b. 1873)
- August 6 – Theodor W. Adorno, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1903)
- August 8 – Choi Seung-hee, Korean modern dancer (b. 1911)
- August 9
- August 13 – Nicolás Fasolino, Argentine Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1887)
- August 14 – Leonard Woolf, English writer (b. 1880)
- August 17
- August 18 – Mildred Davis, American actress (b. 1901)
- August 20
- August 26
- August 27
- August 30 – Vladislav Anisovich, Russian painter and educator (b. 1908)
- August 31 – Rocky Marciano, American professional boxer (b. 1923)
- September 2
- September 3 – John Lester, American cricketer (b. 1871)
- September 4 – José Vicente Faria Lima, Brazilian engineer and politician (b. 1909)
- September 5 – Mario Berlinguer, Italian lawyer and politician (b. 1891)
- September 6 – Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian footballer (b. 1892)
- September 7 – Gavin Maxwell, Scottish naturalist and author (b. 1914)
- September 8 – Bud Collyer, American radio and television personality (b. 1908)
- September 12 – Terry de la Mesa Allen Sr., American general (b. 1888)
- September 15 – Åke Grönberg, Swedish actor (b. 1914)
- September 19 – Rex Ingram, American actor (b. 1895)
- September 22
- September 27 – Nicolas Grunitzky, 2nd President of Togo (b. 1913)
- October 3 – Skip James, American blues singer (b. 1902)
- October 4 – Natalino Otto, Italian singer (b. 1912)
- October 6 – Walter Hagen, American golf champion (b. 1892)
- October 7
- October 8 – Eduardo Ciannelli, Italian actor and singer (b. 1889)
- October 9 – Mathew Kavukattu, Indian Syro-Malabar Catholic archbishop and servant of God (b. 1904)
- October 12 – Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater (b. 1912)
- October 14
- October 15 – Rod La Rocque, American actor (b. 1898)
- October 21
- October 29
- October 31 – Carlos Alberto Arroyo del Río, 26th President of Ecuador, leader of the World War II (b. 1893)
- November 1 – Pauline Bush, American actress (b. 1886)
- November 4 – Ikbal Ali Shah, Indian-born Afghan diplomat and author (b. 1894)
- November 5 – Lloyd Corrigan, American actor (b. 1900)
- November 8
- November 11 – Frank Mills, American politician in Ohio legislature (b. 1904)
- November 12 – William F. Friedman, American cryptanalyst (b. 1891)
- November 13 – Iskander Mirza, Pakistani politician, 1st President of Pakistan (b. 1899)
- November 15
- November 18 – Joseph P. Kennedy Sr., American politician (b. 1888)
- November 21
- November 24 – Eugenio Duse, Italian actor (b. 1889)
- November 27 – Malcolm Barclay-Harvey, British politician, 22nd Governor of South Australia (b. 1890)
- November 28 – Roy Barcroft, American actor (b. 1902)
- December – Swami Ashokananda, Indian monk (b. 1893)
- December 1 – Magic Sam, American musician (b. 1937)
- December 3 – Ruth White, American actress (b. 1914)
- December 4
- December 5
- December 7
- December 13 – Spencer Williams, American actor (b. 1893)
- December 21 – Georges Catroux, French Army general and colonial governor (b. 1877)
- December 22
- December 23 – Donald Foster, American actor (b. 1889)
- December 24
- December 29 – Ricardo de la Guardia, 11th President of Panama, leader of the World War II (b. 1899)
- December 31
- Physics – Murray Gell-Mann
- Chemistry – Derek Harold Richard Barton, Odd Hassel
- Medicine – Max Delbrück, Alfred Hershey, Salvador Luria
- Literature – Samuel Beckett
- Peace – International Labour Organization
- Economics – Ragnar Frisch, Jan Tinbergen
- "Three Soviet Cosmonauts Land Safely", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 18, 1969, p1
- "Singer Sought for 'Lewd Show'", AP report in Bridgeport (CT) Post, March 6, 1969, p22
- "Trio of Best-Sellers?", Books Happening column by Gene Shalit, Los Angeles Times, February 23, 1969, "Calendar" section, p46 ("'The Godfather'... could be the sleeper of the season... Putnam is the publisher, March 10 is the publication date, and a second printing is already off the press."
- "150 Killed in Air Disaster— 47 Americans Die In Miami-Bound Jet From Venezuela", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 17, 1969, p1
- "Orkney remembers Longhope disaster", STV News, 17 March 2009. Accessed 27 June 2013
- "Spanish close off 'Rock'", Montreal Gazette, June 9, 1969, p1
- "Pompidou Elected French President By Large Margin", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 16, 1969, p1
- "Manned Space Chronology: Apollo_11". spaceline.org. Archived from the original on February 14, 2008. Retrieved February 6, 2008.
- "Apollo Anniversary: Moon Landing "Inspired World"". nationalgeographic.com. Archived from the original on February 9, 2008. Retrieved February 6, 2008.
- "Pope Paul VI's Apostolic Pilgrimage to Uganda, 31 July–2 August 1969". Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- "1969: British troops sent into Northern Ireland". BBC News. August 14, 1969. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
- Dennis M. Ritchie, "The Evolution of the Unix Time-sharing System", Lucent Technologies, 1996 Archived April 8, 2015, at the Wayback Machine; accessed 27 June 2013.
- "AIDS Virus Came to US Via Haiti". Voanews.com. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
- Schiavone, Michael J. (2009). Dictionary of Maltese Biographies Vol. II G-Z. Pietà: Pubblikazzjonijiet Indipendenza. p. 1126. ISBN 9789993291329.
- 1969: The Year Everything Changed by Rob Kirkpatrick. Skyhorse Publishing, 2009. ISBN 978-1-60239-366-0.
- 1969 – Headlines A report from Rich Lamb of WCBS Newsradio 880 (WCBS-AM New York) Part of WCBS 880's celebration of 40 years of newsradio.
- 1969 – The Year in Sound An Audiofile produced by Lou Zambrana of WCBS Newsradio 880 (WCBS-AM New York) Part of WCBS 880's celebration of 40 years of newsradio.
- 1969: The Year Everything Changed – YouTube video