Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura

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Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura
UNESCO World Heritage Site
LocationSwabian Jura, Germany
CriteriaCultural: (iii)
Inscription2017 (41st Session)
Area462.1 ha (1,142 acres)
Buffer zone1,158.7 ha (2,863 acres)
Coordinates48°23′16″N 9°45′56″E / 48.38778°N 9.76556°E / 48.38778; 9.76556Coordinates: 48°23′16″N 9°45′56″E / 48.38778°N 9.76556°E / 48.38778; 9.76556

The Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura are a collection of six caves in southern Germany which were used by Ice Age humans for shelter about 33,000 to 43,000 years ago. The caves are located in the Lone and Ach Valleys. Within the caves one statuette of a female form, carved figurines of animals (including cave lions, mammoths, horses and cattle), musical instruments and items of personal adornment have been discovered. Some of the figurines depict creatures that are half animal, half human.[1]


Picture of the cave Name Location Description Discoveries Picture of an important discovery
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Bocksteinhöhle Lone Valley
(48°33′15″N 10°09′17″E / 48.55424°N 10.15469°E / 48.55424; 10.15469 (Bocksteinhöhle))
Large Hand axe (known as the Bocksteinmesser) Bocksteinmesser
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Geißenklösterle Ach Valley
(48°23′54″N 9°46′17″E / 48.39821°N 9.77138°E / 48.39821; 9.77138 (Geißenklösterle))
Orans (hands upraised posture) half-animal/half-human figure in ivory Orans figure
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Hohler Fels
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Hohler Fels Ach Valley
(48°22′45″N 9°45′15″E / 48.37926°N 9.75409°E / 48.37926; 9.75409 (Hohler Fels))
Hohlefels Venus of mammoth ivory, flute from a Griffon vulture bone. Venusfigur
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additional pictures
Hohlenstein-Stadel Lone Valley
(48°32′58″N 10°10′23″E / 48.54931°N 10.17294°E / 48.54931; 10.17294 (Hohlenstein-Stadel))
50 m (160 ft) long, narrow cave. Entrance 8 m × 4 m (26 ft × 13 ft) wide by high. Lion-man figure carved from mammoth ivory Löwenmensch
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additional pictures
Sirgensteinhöhle Ach Valley
(48°23′13″N 9°45′40″E / 48.38704°N 9.76119°E / 48.38704; 9.76119 (Sirgensteinhöhle))
Total length of the cave 42 m (138 ft) with a maximum height of 10 m (33 ft); in the rear the cavity is lit by natural openings in the ceiling. Approx. 5000 flint points, awls and smoothing stones
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Vogelherd Cave Lone Valley
(48°33′31″N 10°11′39″E / 48.55865°N 10.19428°E / 48.55865; 10.19428 (Vogelherdhöhle))
Animal figure of mammoth ivory, venus figurine from a wild boar's tusk Wildpferd
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  1. ^ "Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura". UNESCO. Retrieved 18 July 2017.