Chicago City Council
Chicago City Council
Length of term
|Council Chambers in Chicago City Hall|
The Chicago City Council is the legislative branch of the government of the City of Chicago in Illinois. It consists of 50 aldermen elected from 50 wards to serve four-year terms. The Chicago City Council is gaveled into session regularly, usually monthly, to consider ordinances, orders, and resolutions whose subject matter includes code changes, utilities, taxes, and many other issues. The presiding officer of the council is the Mayor of Chicago. The secretary is the City Clerk of Chicago. Both positions are city-wide elected offices. The Chicago City Council Chambers are located in Chicago City Hall, as are the downtown offices of the individual aldermen and staff.
Established in 1837 as the Common Council and renamed to the "City Council" in 1872, it assumed its modern form of 50 wards electing one alderman each in 1923.
Chicago has been divided into wards since 1837, beginning with 6 wards. Until 1923, each ward elected two members to the city council. In 1923, the system that exists today was adopted with 50 wards, each with one council member elected by the ward. In accordance with Illinois state law, ward borders must be shifted after every federal census. This law is intended to give the population of the ward equal representation based by the size of the population of Chicago.
Chicago is unusual among major United States cities in the number of wards and representative aldermen that it maintains. It has been noted that the current ward system promotes diverse ethnic and cultural representation on the city council.
Chicago Aldermen are elected by popular vote every four years, on the last Tuesday in February. A run-off election, in the event that no candidate garners more than fifty percent of the vote, is held on the first Tuesday in April. The election is held on a non-partisan basis. New terms begin at noon on the third Monday in May following the election.
Chicago's aldermen are generally given exceptional deference, called "aldermanic privilege," to control city decisions and services within their ward. Aldermanic privilege includes "zoning, licenses, permits, property-tax reductions, city contracts and patronage jobs"; political scientists have suggested that this facilitates corruption. The system has been described as "50 aldermen serving essentially as mayors of 50 wards."
The Journal of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Chicago is the official publication of the acts of the City Council. The Municipal Code of Chicago is the codification of Chicago's local ordinances of a general and permanent nature. Between May 18, 2011 and August, 2011, the first 100 days of the first term of Mayor Rahm Emanuel, 2,845 ordinances and orders were introduced to the Council.
Below is a list of current Chicago aldermen, who were elected in the 2015 Chicago aldermanic elections. The 2019 Chicago aldermanic elections are ongoing, with the first round having taken place on February 26, 2019 and the second round scheduled for April 2, 2019.
Aldermanic elections are officially nonpartisan; party affiliations below are informational only.
* Year of appointment, not first election
Chicago City Council Chambers has long been the center of public corruption in Chicago. The first conviction of Chicago aldermen and Cook County Commissioners for accepting bribes to rig a crooked contract occurred in 1869. Between 1972 and 1999, 26 current or former Chicago aldermen were convicted for official corruption. Between 1973 and 2012, 31 aldermen were convicted of corruption. Approximately 100 aldermen served in that period, which is a conviction rate of about one-third.
Fourteen of the Chicago's City Council's nineteen committees routinely violated the Illinois Open Meetings Act during the last four months of 2007 by not keeping adequate written records of their meetings. Chicago City Council committees violated the Illinois Open Meetings Act and their own rules by meeting and taking actions without a quorum at least four times over the same four-month span.
Less than half of the Council's 28 committees met more than six times in 1986. The budget for Council committees was $5.3 million in 1986.
- Council Wars, a period of conflict within the City Council
- Cook County Board of Commissioners
- Workingmen's Party of Illinois
- 11th Ward, Chicago
- Aldermanic elections in Chicago
- List of Chicago aldermen since 1923
- Aldermanic elections are officially nonpartisan; party affiliations are informational only.
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- Christoffer, Erica; Schlikerman, Becky (2008-05-19). "Out of Order: Council Committees Evade The Law". The Beachwood Reporter. Archived from the original on 2012-03-01.
- Lipinski, Ann Marie; Baquet, Dean (1987-10-05). "Committees Work A Little And Spend A Lot". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 2013-12-07. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "FBI seizes files as Chicago aldermen oust oversight". illinoispolicy.org. 17 November 2015. Archived from the original on 7 May 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- "Report: Aldermen Got $282,000 in Illegal Campaign Contributions in 2013". wttw.com. Archived from the original on 18 November 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- "More than half of Chicago aldermen took illegal campaign cash in 2013". chicagonow.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- Chicago City Council
- Chicago City Council legislation from the City Clerk of Chicago
- Chicago City Council calendar from the City Clerk of Chicago
- Journal of the Proceedings (c. 1981–present) from the City Clerk of Chicago
- Journal of the Proceedings (c. 1908) from Google Books
- Chicago City Council meeting reports from the City Clerk of Chicago
- Map of Chicago Wards
- Your City Council: Who's who and what they can do from the Chicago Reader
- The Untold Stories of Alderman Don Parrillo by Anthony DeBartolo, Hyde Park Media
- Chicago City Council archive at the Chicago Reader