Equestrian Statue of Theodore Roosevelt (New York City)
|Equestrian Statue of Theodore Roosevelt|
|Artist||James Earle Fraser|
|Dimensions||300 cm × 218 cm × 450 cm (10 ft × 7 ft 2 in × 14 ft 9 in)|
|Location||Manhattan, United States|
Equestrian Statue of Theodore Roosevelt is a 1939 bronze sculpture by James Earle Fraser. It is located at the American Museum of Natural History, New York City. The equestrian statue depicts Theodore Roosevelt on horseback. Standing to either side of him are an American Indian and an African.
It was dedicated on October 27, 1940. Cast by Gorham Manufacturing Company, Providence, RI.
The inscription reads:
(On rear of sculpture:)
J E FRASER SC 1939
(On front of base:)
(On left side of base:)
GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
(On right side of base:)
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
1901 1909 signed
The sculpture was commissioned by the Roosevelt Memorial Association in the 1930s after Fraser had delivered his design for the Arts of Peace memorial in Washington D.C., which at the time was also in competition with this memorial as the chosen location. For Arts of Peace, Fraser made a pair of statues of Pegasus depicting the themes Music and Harvest, and Aspiration and Literature. This equestrian monument should therefore be seen in that context, with Roosevelt mounted on Pegasus, though in fact he is "in the garb of a hunter accompanied by two pedestrian guides representing America and Africa".
Arts of Peace memorial: Music and Harvest
Oddly that earlier design was executed more than a decade after this one was built in 1940, partly because of the failure of efforts to have a Roosevelt memorial placed in D.C. A compromise was reached in dedicating Theodore Roosevelt Island in the Potomac river in 1932 "within view of the Lincoln Memorial, the Washington Monument, the Capitol and the White House", and the memorial location was thereafter sought elsewhere.
Entrance to Akeley Hall of African Mammals
The work was designed to fit in the neo-classical plans of Henry Bacon to house this hall. An earlier monument by Fraser dedicated to Roosevelt in Cuba in 1924 was also designed with Henry Bacon, and they both attended its dedication in Cuba.
The Akeley Hall of African Mammals features in the movie Night at the Museum, with Robin Williams in the role of Teddy Roosevelt who comes alive from his perch atop a horse in one of the dioramas rather than from the statue outside.
Subject of controversy
Despite Loewen's and others' remarks about the statue, this equestrian statue was never the subject of public controversy in the 20th century. It was mentioned in the April 2017 TED talk Can Art Amend History? by artist and activist Titus Kaphar, discussing the choice of pose showing that "Teddy Roosevelt is sitting there ...and on the left-hand side of him is a Native American walking and on the right-hand side of him is an African-American walking" as a representation of white social hierarchy in America. After the Unite the Right rally due to the controversial removal of an equestrian statue of Robert E. Lee, this and many other statues across America also became the focus of attempts to clean up America's "racist past". This statue was defaced with red paint on the morning of October 26, 2017. A few hours later, a group claiming responsibility for the defilement stated that the statue embodied “patriarchy, white supremacy, and settler-colonialism.” In January 2018, The New York Times reported that despite the controversy, the government of New York City would not have the statue removed.
- Theodore Roosevelt, Rough Rider, 1922 equestrian statue in Portland, Oregon
- Monument and memorial controversies in the United States
- "Equestrian Statue of Theodore Roosevelt, (sculpture)". SIRIS
- Imagining TR: Commemorations and Representations of Theodore Roosevelt in Twentieth-Century America, 2014 dissertation by Jennifer Dawn Heth on Texas A&M University website
- Dedication of Cuban Memorial, 1924. [No. 2 / [Roosevelt Memorial Association]. [United States : s.n., 1924?] United States.] in the Library of Congress
- Loewen, James (1999). Lie Across America: What Our Historic Sites Get Wrong. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. p. 45. ISBN 1-56584-344-4.
- Titus Kaphar on TED website
- Interview of Kaphar on NPR, which may have been recorded earlier and doesn't mention the vandalism
- Tracy, Thomas (October 27, 2017). "Vandals splash red paint on Theodore Roosevelt statue on Museum of Natural History steps". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
- Cotter, Holland (January 12, 2018). "Half-Measures Won't Erase the Painful Past of Our Monuments". New York Times. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
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