Foreign relations of Niue
Niue maintains diplomatic relations with various other countries and multilateral organizations.
Niue is a small island country in the Pacific Ocean in a state of free association with New Zealand. The Queen in right of New Zealand is the head of state of Niue - as such Niue is part of the Realm of New Zealand.
The Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs records that in 1988 "New Zealand stated ... that its future participation in international agreements would no longer extend to ... Niue". Niue was granted membership of UNESCO in 1993 and the World Health Organization in 1994. Also in 1994, the United Nations Secretariat "recognized the full treaty-making capacity ... of Niue".
Niue conducts bilateral relations with other countries and interacts with the international community as an independent state.
Despite self-rule, New Zealand manages its defence and foreign affairs on Niue's request. Like the Cook Islands, however, Niue has begun to establish formal diplomatic relations with sovereign states. As of September 2016, 20 other states maintain diplomatic relations with Niue. China's ambassador to New Zealand, Zhang Limin, is accredited to Niue, and became the first Chinese ambassador to present his credentials there in October 2008.
The following countries have established formal diplomatic relations with Niue.[note 1]
- Australia (27 February 2013)
- Cook Islands (2013)
- Fiji (November 2015 or before)
- Nauru (9 January 2004 or before)
- New Zealand (2 August 1993)
- Papua New Guinea (1994 or 9 December 2014)
- Samoa (June 2014 or before)
- European Union (23 January 2001)
- France (15 January 2012 or before)
- Italy (12 September 2015)
- Kosovo (23 June 2015)
- Turkey (7 June 2014)
- China (12 December 2007); see China–Niue relations
- India (30 August 2012); see India–Niue relations
- Israel (24 May 2011 or before)
- Japan (4 August 2015)[note 2]
- Malaysia (30 January 1996)
- Singapore (6 August 2012)
- Thailand (27 August 2013)
International organization participation
- ACP, AOSIS, ESCAP (associate), FAO, IFAD, OPCW, Pacific Islands Forum, Sparteca, SPC, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
- In November 2011, Niue was one of the eight founding members of Polynesian Leaders Group, a regional grouping intended to cooperate on a variety of issues including culture and language, education, responses to climate change, and trade and investment.
Participation in international treaties and conventions
- Biodiversity Convention and its Cartagena Protocol, Cotonou Agreement, POPs Project, UNCCD, UNCLOS, UNFCCC and its Kyoto protocol
- List of diplomatic missions of Niue
- List of diplomatic missions in Niue
- Foreign relations of the Cook Islands
- Foreign relations of New Zealand
- Politics of Niue
- "Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs Supplement No. 8" (PDF). United Nations. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2015-01-24.
- "The Cook Islands' unique constitutional and international status" (PDF). p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 4, 2012.
- "Cook Islands: Constitutional status and international personality" (PDF). Cook Islands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-01-24.
- "China's first ambassador to Niue presents credential to Niue PM". Xinhua News Agency. 2008-10-18. Archived from the original on 2013-11-16. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
- Permanent Mission of the Philippines to the UN (2015-07-02). "Post-forum Report" (PDF). Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
The Philippines is studying Niue´s proposal to establish formal diplomatic relations.
- "Niue country brief". Australian Government, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-26.
- "Pacific Relations". Cook Islands Government. Archived from the original on 2014-07-06. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
- "Fijian community in Niue host Fijian delegates attending Pacific Community Conference". Pacific Islands News Association. 2015-11-05. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
Cabinet has approved Fiji’s Roving Ambassador Litia Mawi as Ambassador to Niue and we look forward to her presenting her credentials to Cabinet.
- "Roving Ambassador". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Fiji. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
Roving Ambassador/High Commissioner...Accredited to...Niue
- "NAURU, Foreign Affairs, Diplomatic Relations". Permanent Mission to the UN of Republic of Nauru. 2004-01-09. Archived from the original on October 4, 2014. Retrieved 2015-05-19.
- "At the Welcoming Dinner for the Official Visit by Hon. Toke Tufukia Talagi Premier of Niue" (PDF). Government of Papua New Guinea. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-05-20. "...formal relationship started in 1994."
- "Niue establish diplomatic relations with PNG". Pacific Islands News Association. 2014-12-23. Retrieved 2015-10-03. "...Papua New Guinea... signed the agreement with Niue... on 09 December 2014..."
- "Niue signs Diplomatic relations with Turkey" (PDF). Government of Niue. 2004-06-10. Retrieved 2014-08-02.[permanent dead link]"The Memorandum..., increases Niues foreign relationship with international countries that include, ..., Samoa, ... and Singapore."
- "Autres pays d'accréditation" (in French). Embassy of France in Wellington. Archived from the original on 2015-04-21. Retrieved 2015-06-26.
- "Accredited Countries". Embassy of France in Wellington. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
- "H.E. Mrs Jeanblanc-Risler presents credentials in Samoa". Embassy of France in Wellington. 2015-11-15. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
Ambassador of France in New Zealand, Mrs Jeanblanc-Risler is also accredited to Cook Islands, Niue and Samoa.
- "Niue Establish Diplomatic Relations with Italy" (PDF). Government of Niue. 2015-09-21. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-29. Retrieved 2015-10-03.
- "Niue recognizes Kosovo's independence". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kosovo. 2015-06-24. Retrieved 2015-06-26.
- "Foreign Minister Davutoğlu "In the last six years, we have taken significant steps to strengthen our relations with Pacific Island States"". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey. Archived from the original on 2014-06-15. Retrieved 2014-06-13."Joint Declaration concerning the establishment of diplomatic relations between Turkey and Niue, ...were signed."
- "China, Niue establish diplomatic ties". Xinhua News Agency. 2007-12-12. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
- "Full text of joint communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Niue". Xinhua News Agency. 2007-12-12. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
- "India establishes Diplomatic Relations with Niue". Ministry of External Affairs of India. 2012-09-04. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "Israeli Ambassador visits the Cook Islands". Cook Islands Government. 2011-05-24. Archived from the original on 2011-08-31. Retrieved 2015-06-26."Ambassador Tzur is based in Wellington and is concurrently accredited to New Zealand, Niue and Samoa."
- "Israel's Diplomatic Missions Abroad: Status of relations". Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
- "Israeli Ambassador to Tonga HE Shemi Tzur visited Tonga". Ministry of Information and Communications of Tonga. 2013-02-04. Retrieved 2014-07-28."Israeli Ambassador... is also accredited to... Niue."
- "Niue Establish Diplomatic Relations with Japan" (PDF). Government of Niue. 2015-08-10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-28. Retrieved 2015-08-19.
- "Japan recognizes Niue as state in bid to acquire friends in Pacific". The Japan Times. 2015-05-15. Retrieved 2015-10-03.
- "Japan recognises Niue as a country with 1,611 inhabitants". hindustantimes. 2015-05-15. Retrieved 2015-10-03.
- "The Pacific Islands". Ministry of External Affairs of Singapore. Archived from the original on 2014-07-27. Retrieved 2014-07-27."Singapore established bilateral relations with Niue and Cook Islands on 6 August 2012"
- "Press Releases : Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Thailand and Niue". Ministry of External Affairs of Thailand. 2013-08-27. Retrieved 2014-07-27.
- "2 September 2016 - Signing of the Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Brazil and Niue". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- "Cuba and Niue establish diplomatic relations". Cuba-L Direct. 2014-09-05. Archived from the original on 2014-09-07. Retrieved 2014-09-12.
- "NZ may be invited to join proposed ′Polynesian Triangle′ ginger group". Pacific Scoop. 2011-09-19. Retrieved 2014-08-02.
- "New Polynesian Leaders Group formed in Samoa,". Radio New Zealand International. 2011-11-19. Retrieved 2014-08-02.
- "American Samoa joins Polynesian Leaders Group, MOU signed". Samoa News. 2011-11-19.[dead link]