List of World Heritage Sites in Belarus

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Location of UNESCO World Heritage Sites within Belarus. Blue dots represent the sites of Struve Geodetic Arc.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Currently, four properties in Belarus are inscribed on the World Heritage List. The tentative list of Belarus contains eleven properties.[2] Three properties are cultural and one is natural.[2]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

UNESCO lists sites under ten criteria; each entry must meet at least one of the criteria. Criteria i through vi are cultural, whereas vii through x are natural.[3]

  * Transnational site
Site Image Location Year listed UNESCO data Description
Belavezhskaya Pushcha National Park (Białowieża Forest)
BelarusBNP09.JPG
Brest Province and Grodno Province 1992 33ter; vii (natural) Bialowieza Forest conserves a diverse complex of protected forest ecosystems, including extensive old-growth forests, which exemplify the Central European mixed forests terrestrial ecoregion, and a range of associated non-forest habitats, including wet meadows, river valleys and other wetlands. The area is home to the largest free-roaming population of European Bison. The Polish part of the site was first added to the list in 1979. The part in Belarus was added in 1992 and the year 2014 saw a large extension of the protected area.[4]
Mir Castle Complex
Мир (замок).jpg
Mir, Grodno Province 2000 625; ii, iv (cultural) Mir Castle is an exceptional example of a central European castle, reflecting in its design and layout successive cultural influences (Gothic, Baroque, and Renaissance) that blend harmoniously to create an impressive monument to the history of this region. The region in which Mir Castle stands has a long history of political and cultural confrontation and coalescence, which is graphically represented in the form and appearance of the ensemble.
Struve Geodetic Arc
Struve Geodetic Arc point Tchekutsk in Belarus.jpg
Brest Province and Grodno Province 2005 1187; ii, iii, vi (cultural) The Struve Geodetic Arc is a series of triangulation points, stretching over a distance of 2,820 kilometres (1,750 mi) from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea. The points were set up in a survey by the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve who first carried out an accurate measurement of a long segment of a meridian – and along with it the size and shape of the Earth. Originally, there were 265 station points. The World Heritage Site includes 34 points in ten countries (North to South: Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine), five of which are in Belarus.[5]
Architectural, Residential and Cultural Complex of the Radziwill Family at Nesvizh
Замак-палац у Нясьвіжы знутры.jpg
Nesvizh, Minsk Province 2005 1196; ii, iv, vi (cultural) The Architectural, Residential and Cultural Complex of the Radziwill Family at Nesvizh was the cradle for the introduction of new concepts based on the synthesis of Western traditions, leading to the establishment of a new architectural school in Central Europe.

Tentative list[edit]

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage List, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage List are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[6] As of 2019, Belarus lists five properties on its tentative list.[2]

  * Transnational site
Site Image Location Year listed UNESCO criteria Description
Augustow Canal
Kanal augustowski 3.jpg
Grodno Province Cultural (i, ii) 2004 1892
Saviour Transfiguration Church and St. Sophia Cathedral in the town of Polatsk
Belarus-Polatsk-Cathedral of Sophia-3.jpg
Polotsk, Vitebsk Province Cultural (i, ii) 2004 1893
SS. Boris and Gleb (Kalozha) Church in the city of Hrodna Grodno kaloza.jpg Hrodna Cultural (i, ii) 2004 1895
Edifices for Worship of Fortress Type in Belarus, Poland and Lithuania
Synkavichy StMichaelChurch.jpg
Brest Province and Minsk Province Cultural (i) 2004 1899
Worship wooden architecture (17th–18th centuries) in Polesye St. Nikita Church in Zditovo.jpg Brest Province and Gomel Province Cultural (i, ii, iii) 2004 1901

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
  2. ^ a b c Belarus – UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  3. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  4. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/33
  5. ^ "Struve Geodetic Arc".
  6. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 7 October 2010.