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List of countries by military expenditures

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A pie chart showing global military expenditures by country for 2018, in US$ billions, according to SIPRI
Countries by military expenditures (absolute) in 2014, based on data from the World Bank

This article contains a list of countries by military expenditure in a given year. Military expenditure figures are presented in United States dollars based on either constant or current exchange rates.[1]

Total military spending

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) 2018 fact sheet

The first list is based on the SIPRI fact sheet which includes a list of the world's top 15 military spenders in 2018, based on current market exchange rates.[1]

The second list is based on the 2019 edition of "The Military Balance" published by the (IISS) using average market exchange rates.[2]


List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
2019 Fact Sheet (for 2018)[1]
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database[3]
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
Top 15 Defence Budgets 2018
[4]
Rank Country Spending
(US$ Bn.)
% of GDP
World total 1,822 2.1
0- NATO NATO 1036.1 2.5
01 United States United States of America 649.0 3.2
02 China People's Republic of China[a] 250.0 1.9
03 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[a][b] 67.6 8.8
04 India India 66.5 2.4
05 France France 63.8 2.3
06 Russia Russia 61.4 3.9
07 United Kingdom United Kingdom 50.0 1.8
08 Germany Germany 49.5 1.2
09 Japan Japan 46.6 0.9
10 South Korea South Korea 43.1 2.6
11 Italy Italy 27.8 1.3
12 Brazil Brazil 27.8 1.5
13 Australia Australia 26.7 1.9
14 Canada Canada 21.6 1.3
15 Turkey Turkey 19.0 2.5
2019 edition of "The Military Balance" from the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)
Rank Country Spending
(US$ Bn.)
01 United States United States of America 643.3
02 China China 168.2
03 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 82.9
04 Russia Russia 63.1
05 India India 57.9
06 United Kingdom United Kingdom 56.1
07 France France 53.4
08 Japan Japan 47.3
09 Germany Germany 45.7
10 South Korea South Korea 39.2
11 Brazil Brazil 28.0
12 Australia Australia 26.6
13 Italy Italy 24.9
14 Israel Israel 21.6
15 Iraq Iraq 19.6

Spending by GDP

Map of military expenditures as a percentage of GDP by country, 2017.[5]

This first list is a list of countries by military expenditure share of GDP—more specifically, a list of the top 15 countries by percentage share in recent years—the amount spent by a nation on its military as a share of its GDP.

The second list presents this as a share of the general government expenditure. The first list is sourced from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute for the year 2017 and from Military Balance 2017 published by International Institute for Strategic Studies for the year 2016. The second list is sourced only from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute for the year 2017.

None of the following analyze such potential record-breakers like North Korea, Syria, Yemen, and Libya.

Military expenditure as a share of GDP

List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database
[6] (2018)
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
The Military Balance 2017, (for 2016)
[7]
Rank Country % of GDP
1  Saudi Arabia 8.8[a]
2  Oman 8.2[c]
3  Algeria 5.3[c]
4  Kuwait 5.1
5  Lebanon 5.0[a]
6  Armenia 4.8
7  Jordan 4.7
8  Israel 4.3
9  Pakistan 4.0
10  Russia 3.9
11  Ukraine 3.8[a]
12  Azerbaijan 3.8
12  Bahrain 3.6
14  Uzbekistan 3.6
15  Namibia 3.3
15  Colombia 3.2
RankCountry% of GDP
01 Oman15.3
02 Afghanistan 14.0
03 Iraq 11.6
04 Saudi Arabia 8.9
05 Congo6.4
06 Algeria 6.3
07 Israel 6.1
08 Bahrain 4.8
09 Russia 4.6
10 Botswana 4.4
10 Jordan 4.4
12 Namibia 4.1
13 Azerbaijan4.0
13 Armenia 4.0
15 Mali 3.9

Military expenditure as a share of government spending (2018)

Rank Country % of spending[8]
1  Belarus 31.9
2  Saudi Arabia 24.6
3  Armenia 20.9
4  Oman 19.0
5  Pakistan 18.5
6  Singapore 17.1
7  Iran 15.8
8  Lebanon 15.6
9  Myanmar 15.2
10  Jordan 15.0
11  Chad 14.6
12  Mali 14.3
13  Algeria 13.8
14  South Korea 12.4
15  Colombia 11.6

Military expenditure as a share of goods exports (2018)

Rank Country % of exports[9][10]
1  Timor-Leste (2017) 158.8
2  Lebanon (2017) 73.9
3    Nepal (2017) 47.5
4  Pakistan 45.8
5  United States* 38.7
6  Burundi (2017) 37.8
7  Sudan 30.1
8  Algeria 27.7
9  Israel 26.8
10  Afghanistan (2017) 25.3
11  Jordan 25.2
12  Colombia 23.9
13  Armenia 23.2
14  Saudi Arabia 22.9
15  India 20.0

*59.8% including the costs for veterans in 2016[11]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e SIPRI estimate.
  2. ^ The figures for Saudi Arabia include expenditure for public order and safety and might be slightly overestimated.
  3. ^ a b Highly uncertain data.


See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Tian, Nan; Fleurant, Aude; Kuimova, Alexandra; Wezeman, Pieter D.; Wezeman, Siemon T. (28 April 2019). "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2018" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  2. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (15 February 2019). The Military Balance 2019. London: Routledge. ISBN 1857437667.
  3. ^ "Data for all countries from 1988–2018 in constant (2017) USD (pdf)" (PDF). SIPRI. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  4. ^ "IISS Military Balance 2019".
  5. ^ 2017 data from: "Military expenditure (% of GDP). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute ( SIPRI ), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security". World Bank. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  6. ^ "SIPRI Military Expenditure Database | SIPRI". www.sipri.org. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  7. ^ The Military Balance 2017. Routledge, Chapman & Hall, Incorporated, 2017. 2017. p. 19. ISBN 9781857439007.
  8. ^ "Military expenditure (% of general government expenditure) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  9. ^ "Military expenditure (current USD) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  10. ^ "Goods exports (BoP, current US$) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  11. ^ "Countries by military expenditures as a percentage of exports" (PDF).

External links