List of political parties in India

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India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and district level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognised national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognised party enjoys privileges like a reserved party symbol,[A] free broadcast time on state run television and radio, a consultation in setting of election dates and giving input in setting electoral rules and regulations.[1]

This listing is according to the 2019 Indian general election and Legislative Assembly elections and any party aspiring to state or national party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status.[1] As per latest publication from Election Commission of India, the total number of parties registered was 2599, with 8 national parties, 53 state parties and 2538 unrecognised parties.[2][3][4][5]

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 28 states of the country along with the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, National Capital Territory of Delhi and Puducherry have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

National parties[edit]

A registered party is recognised as a national party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:[6]

  1. A party should win 2% of seats in the Lok sabha from at least three different states.[7]
  2. At a general election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in any four or more states and in addition it wins four Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as a state party in four states.
8 recognised national parties[2][4]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Founder(s) Party Supremo [D] Party symbol Headquarters
All India Trinamool Congress AITC 1998
Flowers & grass
36-G, Topsia Road, Panchannagram, Kolkata-700039 (West Bengal)
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984
Elephant
12, Gurdwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980
Lotus
6-A, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, Mandi House, New Delhi-110002 (Delhi)
Communist Party of India CPI 1925
Ears of Corn and Sickle
Ajoy Bhavan, 15, Indrajit Gupta Marg, New Delhi-110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 1964
Hammer Sickle and Star
27-29, A. K. Gopalan Bhavan, Bhai Vir Singh Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Indian National Congress INC 1885
Hand
24, Akbar Road, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999 Clock 10, Bishambhar Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
National People's Party NPP 2013 Indian Election Symbol Book.svg M.G. Avenue, Floor, MDU Building, Imphal-795001 (Manipur)

State parties[edit]

A party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a state party:

  1. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
  2. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
  3. A party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least one Lok Sabha, and two Legislative Assembly seats in that election,
  4. Under the liberalised criteria, one more clause that it will be eligible for recognition as state party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the state.[8]
53 recognised state parties[2][4][5]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Current leader(s) Recognised in State/Union Territory Symbol
1 Aam Aadmi Party AAP 2012 AAP Symbol.png
2 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 1972 AIADMK Two Leaves.png
3 All India Forward Bloc AIFB 1939 Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
4 All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 1927 Indian Election Symbol Kite.png
5 All India N.R. Congress AINRC 2011 Indian Election Symbol Jug.svg
6 All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 2004 Indian Election Symbol Lock And Key.svg
7 All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU 1986 Indian Election Symbol Banana.svg
8 Asom Gana Parishad AGP 1985 Indian Election Symbol Elephant.png
9 Biju Janata Dal BJD 1997 Indian Election Symbol Conch.svg
10 Bodoland People's Front BPF 1985 Indian Election Symbol Nangol.svg
11 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam DMDK 2005 Indian Election Symbol Nagara.svg
12 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 1949 Indian Election Symbol Rising Sun.png
13 Goa Forward Party GFP 2016 Indian election symbol Coconut.svg
14 Hill State People's Democratic Party HSPDP 1968 Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
15 Indian National Lok Dal INLD 1999 Indian Election Symbol Spectacles.png
16 Indian Union Muslim League IUML 1948 Indian Election Symbol Lader.png
17 Indigenous People's Front of Tripura IPFT 2009 Indian Election symbol Dao.svg
18 Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1932 Indian Election Symbol Plough.png
19 Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP 1982 Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
20 Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party JKPDP 1998 Indian Election Symbol Ink Pot and Pen.png
21 Janta Congress Chhattisgarh JCC 2016 Farmer Ploughing (within square farm)
22 Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 1999 Indian Election Symbol Lady Farmer.png
23 Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 1999 Indian Election Symbol Arrow.png
24 Jannayak Janta Party JJP 2018 Indian election symbol Key.svg
25 Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 1972 Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png
26 Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) 2006 Indian Election Symbol Comb.png
27 Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) 1979 Indian election symbol two leaves.svg
28 Lok Janshakti Party LJP 2000 Indian Election Symbol Bungalow.png
29 Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS 2006 Indian Election Symbol Railway Engine.png
30 Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP 1963 Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
31 Mizo National Front MNF 1959 Election Symbol Star.svg
32 Mizoram People's Conference MPC 1972 Bulb Election Symbol.svg
33 Naga People's Front NPF 2002 Rooster
34 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party NDPP 2018 Globe
35 Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1989 Indian Election Symbol Mango.png
36 People's Democratic Alliance PDA 2012 Crown
37 People's Democratic Front PDF 2017
  • P. N. Syiem
Candles
38 People's Party of Arunachal PPA 1987 Indian Election Symbol Maize.svg
39 Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 1997 Indian Election Symbol Hurricane Lamp.png
40 Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1998 Indian Election Symbol Hand Pump.png
41 Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 2013 Indian Election Symbol Ceiling Fan.svg
42 Rashtriya Loktantrik Party RLP 2018 Bottle
43 Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1940 Indian Election Symbol Spade and Stoker.png
44 Samajwadi Party SP 1992 Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
45 Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 1920 Indian Election Symbol Scale.png
46 Shiv Sena SS 1966 Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png
47 Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1993 Indian Election Symbol Umberlla.png
48 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM 2013 Table lamp
49 Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 2001 Car.svg
50 Telugu Desam Party TDP 1982 Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
51 United Democratic Party UDP 1972 Indian Election Symbol Drums.png
52 YSR Congress Party YSRCP 2011 Indian Election Symbol Ceiling Fan.svg
53 Zoram Nationalist Party ZNP 1997 Indian Election Symbol Sun without Rays.png

Unrecognised parties[edit]

Unrecognised registered notable parties[C][2][3][4][5]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Current leader(s) States/UT
Amma Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam AMMK 2018 T. T. V. Dhinakaran Tamil Nadu
Amra Bangali AMB 1983 Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar West Bengal
Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh BMSM 1983 Sundar Shaekhar Maharashtra
Hindustani Awam Morcha[9] HAM 2015 Jitan Ram Manjhi Bihar
People's Democratic Front PDF 2001 Ajoy Biswas Tripura
Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik[10] JAP 2015 Pappu Yadav Bihar
Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party SBSP 2002 Om Prakash Rajbhar Uttar Pradesh
Jan Shakti Party of India[11] JSPI 2015 Gurjeet Singh Azad Punjab
Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi IJK 2010 T.R. Pachamuthu Tamil Nadu
Jana Sena Party JSP 2014 Pawan Kalyan Andhra Pradesh
Kerala Congress (Jacob) KC(J) 1991 Anoop Jacob Kerala
Kerala Congress (B) KC(B) 1989 R. Balakrishna Pillai Kerala
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi KMDK 2013 E. R. Eswaran Tamil Nadu
Kongunadu Makkal Katchi KMK 2000 A.M. Raja Tamil Nadu
Lok Satta Party LSP 2006 Nagabhairava Jaya Prakash Narayana Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Manipur Peoples Party MPP 1968 Sovakiran N. Manipur
Makkal Needhi Maiam MNM 2018 Kamal Haasan Tamil Nadu
Manithaneya Makkal Katchi MMK 2009 M. H. Jawahirullah Tamil Nadu
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam MDMK 1992 Vaiko Tamil Nadu
Odisha Janmorcha OJM 2013 Pyarimohan Mohapatra Odisha
Param Digvijay Dal PDD 2014 Adhyatmik Neta Krishna Mohan Shankar Yogi Uttar Pradesh
Peace Party of India PPI 2008 Mohamed Ayub Uttar Pradesh
Puthiya Tamilagam PTK 1996 K. Krishnasamy Tamil Nadu
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha RSP 2003 Mahadev Jankar Maharashtra
Rashtriya Ulama Council RUC 2008 Aamir Rashadi Madni Uttar Pradesh
Rayalaseema Parirakshana Samithi RPS 2013 Byreddy Rajasekhar Reddy Andhra Pradesh
Social Democratic Party of India SDPI 2009 M. K. Faizy Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur, Telangana, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala
Tamil Nadu Kongu Ilaingar Peravai KIP 2001 U. Thaniyarasu Tamil Nadu
Tamil Maanila Congress TMC 1996 G. K. Vasan Tamil Nadu
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal UKD 1979 Kashi Singh Airy Uttarakhand
Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi VBA 2018 Prakash Ambedkar Maharashtra
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi VCK 1972 Thol. Thirumavalavan Tamil Nadu
Welfare Party of India WPI 2011 S. Q. R. Ilyas Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, West Bengal, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra
Hindu Sena 2011 Vishnu Gupta New Delhi
Gorkha National Liberation Front GNLF 1980 Subhash Ghisingh West Bengal
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha GJM 2007 Roshan Giri West Bengal
Revolutionary Communist Party of India RCPI 1934 Saumyendranath Tagore Assam, Kerala, West Bengal[12]
Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League ABGL 1943 Bharati Tamang West Bengal
Praja Socialist Party PSP 1952 Kerala
Swaraj India SI 2016 Yogendra Yadav New Delhi, Karnataka, Haryana
All India Mahila Empowerment Party MEP 2017 Nowhera Shaik Telangana, Karnataka
Naam Tamilar Katchi NTK 1958 Seeman Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Kerala
All India Hindustan Congress Party AIHCP 2015 Buddh Prakash Sharma Gujarat, Rajasthan, karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
Indian Gandhiyan Party IGP 2012 Aashin U S Kerala
Jansatta Dal Loktantrik Jansatta Party 2018 Raghuraj Pratap Singh Uttar Pradesh
Uttama Prajakeeya Party UPP 2018 Upendra Rao Karnataka

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • A If a party is recognised as a national or state party, its symbol is reserved for its exclusive use in the country or in the state.[13][14]
  • B In all States/U.T.s except in the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission.
  • C In addition to those included, the total is 1761.
  • D - Current leaders are presidents of their respective parties and not necessarily the leaders of their legislative group in the Indian Parliament.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Registration of political Parties". FAQs. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "List of Political Parties & Symbol MAIN Notification". Election Commission of India. 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Amendment Notificaiton - List of Registered Unrecognised Parties and Symbols after 15 March 2019". Election Commission of India. 1 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Amendment Notificaiton - List of Registered Recognised Parties and Symbols & List of Registered Unrecognised Parties and Symbols after 1 April 2019". Election Commission of India. 25 September 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "Amending notification regarding political parties and their eletion symbol dated 10.01.2020". Election Commission of India. 15 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Dynamics of elevation of political parties to State or National Party". Press Information Bureau. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  7. ^ "When is a Political Party recognized as a National or State Party?". FACTLY. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Amendment of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. Allotment of common symbol to candidates of registered un-recognized political parties". Press Information Bureau. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Manjhi's HAM recognised by poll panel". The Statesman. 19 July 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Allotment of Common Symbol -10B letter dt 15.9.15" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  11. ^ "June 2015 Notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  12. ^ "Contact Us". Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  13. ^ "Names of National, State, registered-unrecognised parties and the list of free symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 March 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  14. ^ "State Party List" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 13 December 2016.

Further reading[edit]

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V. B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: but parties have to be 70per of decision A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.