Ministry of External Affairs (India)
|Formed||2 September 1946|
|Jurisdiction||Republic of India|
Raisina Hill, New Delhi
|Employees||11,403 (2018 est.)|
|Annual budget||₹15,011 crore (US$2.1 billion) (2018-19 est.)|
|Deputy Minister responsible|
The Ministry of External Affairs of India (abbreviated as MEA), also known as the Foreign Ministry, is the government agency responsible for the conduct of foreign relations of India. The Ministry comes under the Government of India and is responsible for India's representation in the United Nations. It also advises other Ministries and State Governments when the latter have dealings with foreign governments or institutions.
The Ministry was initially the Ministry of External Affairs and Commonwealth Relations, a holdover from the British Raj. It was renamed the Ministry of External Affairs in 1948. Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru held the portfolio as an additional charge till his death in 1964 and it was only then that a separate Minister with Cabinet rank was appointed. The ministry is responsible for the administration of Naga Hills, Tuensang Area, Indian Emigration Act of 1923, the Reciprocity Act of 1943, the Port Haj Committee Act of 1932, the Indian Merchant Shipping Act in so far as it relates to pilgrim ships, the Indian Pilgrim Shipping Rules of 1933, the Protection of Pilgrims Act of 1887 (Bombay) and the Protection of the Mohammedan Pilgrims Act of 1896 (Bengal) are also the special responsibility of the Ministry of External Affairs.
The Ministry is the cadre controlling authority of the Indian Foreign Service, the service is wholly under the administration and supervision of the External Affairs Ministry.
The Secretary General was the senior most official in the ministry till the post was abolished in 1964. The delineation of responsibilities up to that time was as follows:
- The Secretary General was the principal official adviser to the Prime Minister on matters relating to foreign policy and was responsible for overall supervision of the Ministry.
- The Foreign Secretary dealt with the American, Western and Eastern Divisions and the West Asian and North African countries of the Southern Division. In addition, she/he was in charge of the Divisions dealing with Protocol, External Publicity, and the Historical Records. His/Her main task was to coordinate among the various Divisions in the Ministry.
- The Commonwealth Secretary dealt with all the Commonwealth countries with the not exception of Canada which was the responsibility of the Americas Division. She/he was also in charge of the South Asian countries of the Southern Division, and the African Division.
- The Special Secretary was in charge of administration of the Ministry, and posts and missions abroad.
- Foreign Secretary — Harsh Vardhan Shringla
- Secretary (West) — Vikas Swarup
- Secretary (East) — Vijay Thakur Singh
- Secretary (Economic Relations) — T. S. Tirumurti
- Secretary (Consul, Passport, Visa and Overseas Indian Affairs) — Sanjay Bhattacharyya
- Joint Secretary (External Publicity) and Official Spokesperson — Raveesh Kumar
Development Partnership Administration (DPA)
Development Partnership Administration (DPA) is an agency under the Ministry of External Affairs formed in 2013 to increased its strategic footprint and for the effective execution of projects with professionals from diverse backgrounds. India has an elaborate project portfolio in its neighbourhood, including Bhutan, Nepal, Afghanistan, Maldives, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh, as well as Africa and Latin America.
Diplomats from other countries such as Gabriela Mistral, Octavio Paz, Pablo Neruda, St John Perse, Ivo Andric, George Seferis have won distinctions such as the Nobel Prize in Literature. Prominent diplomats-turned-authors who started their careers with the Indian Foreign Service and Ministry of External Affairs include Vikas Swarup, Navtej Sarna and Abhay K.
The office of the Ministry is located in the South Block building which also contains the Prime Minister's office and Ministry of Defence. Other offices are located in Jawaharlal Nehru Bhawan, Shastri Bhawan, Patiala House, and ISIL Building.
- Raisina Dialogue
- Indian Council of World Affairs
- List of diplomatic missions in India
- List of diplomatic missions of India
- Thakur, Pradeep (2 March 2017). "Central govt to hire 2.8 lakh more staff, police, I-T & customs to get lion's share". The Times of India. New Delhi. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
- "Budget data" (PDF). www.indiabudget.gov.in. 2019.
- "Harsh Vardhan Shringla takes over as foreign secretary: The Economic Times". The Economic Times. 29 January 2020.
- "Diplomat T S Tirumurti Appointed Economic Relations Secretary".
- "REPORT OF THE Ministry of External Affairs 1949-50" (PDF). Government of India. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- "REPORT OF THE Ministry of External Affairs 1964-65" (PDF). Government of India. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- "REPORT OF THE Ministry of External Affairs 1956-57" (PDF). Government of India. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- "Who is Who: Organisation Structure and officers of the Ministry of External Affairs of Republic of India" (PDF). Ministry of External Affairs. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "Spokesperson's Office". Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. 11 October 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
- "Devyani likely to head MEA's overseas projects department". The Indian Express. 20 January 2014.
- "Organogram of Ministry of External Affairs" (PDF). Government of India. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- About MEA : South Block. MEA (2014-03-19). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
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- Official website of the Ministry of External Affairs
- Ministry of External Affairs: Telephone Directory Complete
- Mobile App of the Ministry of External Affairs
- MEA Annual Report for Year 2010-2011
- Official website of the Permanent Mission of India to the United Nations
- Ministry of External Affairs Library
- Research and Information System for Developing Countries
- India Is Global Challenges