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B e e r

A portal dedicated to beer

The Beer Portal

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Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world. It is also the third most popular drink overall after water and tea. Beer is brewed from cereal grains—most commonly from malted barley, though wheat, maize (corn), and rice are also used. During the brewing process, fermentation of the starch sugars in the wort produces ethanol and carbonation in the resulting beer. Most modern beer is brewed with hops, which add bitterness and other flavours and act as a natural preservative and stabilizing agent. Other flavouring agents such as gruit, herbs, or fruits may be included or used instead of hops. In commercial brewing, the natural carbonation effect is often removed during processing and replaced with forced carbonation.

Some of humanity's earliest known writings refer to the production and distribution of beer: the Code of Hammurabi included laws regulating beer and beer parlours, and "The Hymn to Ninkasi", a prayer to the Mesopotamian goddess of beer, served as both a prayer and as a method of remembering the recipe for beer in a culture with few literate people.

Beer is distributed in bottles and cans and is also commonly available on draught, particularly in pubs and bars. The brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers ranging from brewpubs to regional breweries. The strength of modern beer is usually around 4% to 6% alcohol by volume (ABV), although it may vary between 0.5% and 20%, with some breweries creating examples of 40% ABV and above.

Beer forms part of the culture of many nations and is associated with social traditions such as beer festivals, as well as a rich pub culture involving activities like pub crawling and pub games.

The Beer WikiProject

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WikiProject Beer is an association of Wikipedians with an interest in beer and beer-related subjects. They have come together to coordinate the development of beer and brewery articles here on Wikipedia. Additionally, other groups have formed other projects that entertain subjects that are directly related to beer, bartending and pubs. Additionally, the mixed drinks project covers topics that include beer cocktails. If any of these subjects pique your interest, please feel free to visit their projects. These groups would love to have you participate!

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India Pale Ale (IPA, also known as Imperial Pale Ale), is a distinct style of beer and is characterized as a sparkling pale ale with a high level of alcohol and hops, thus having an increased bitterness.

IPA descends from the earliest pale ales of the 17th century, when the term "pale ale" probably simply distinguished ales which were light in color compared with brown ales of that day. By the mid-18th century, pale ale was mostly manufactured with coke-fired malt, which produced less smoking and roasting of barley in the malting process, and hence produced a paler beer. One such variety of beer was October beer, a pale well-hopped brew popular among the landed classes, who brewed it domestically; once brewed it was intended to cellar two years.

Double India Pale Ales (also abbreviated as Double IPAs or IIPAs) are a strong, very hoppy style of pale beer. Also known as Imperial IPAs, perhaps in reference to the Russian Imperial Stout, a much stronger version of the English Stout, these beers are essentially India Pale Ales with higher amounts of malt and hops. Double IPAs typically have alcohol content above 7% by volume. IBUs are in the very high range (60+). Such "style" labels can seem arbitrary however, since the aforementioned Ballantine IPA in its original formulation was certainly well above these benchmarks.

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The Molson brewery building in Edmonton, Ontario
Molson was Canada's largest alcoholic beverage brewer with sales of more than $2 billion CAD in 2003, and 3,800 employees working at five breweries. In February 2005, it merged with Coors to form Molson Coors Brewing Company. At the time of the merger, Molson controlled about 45% of the Canadian beer market and ties for first place with Labatt.

Founded in Montreal in 1786, Molson Canada is the second oldest brewery in North America and, to this day, continues to produce beer on the site of the original brewery. The company markets a number of the most popular brands of beer in Canada in addition to a portfolio of award-winning brands which include Molson Canadian, Coors Light, Molson Export, Molson Dry and Rickard’s. Through partnerships with other major brewers, Molson Canada also offers several world-renowned brands, including Heineken, Corona, Miller Genuine Draft, Foster's Lager and Tiger. Molson employs 3,000 people in Canada and operates six breweries in location across the country (Vancouver, Toronto, Montreal, Moncton and St. John's), including Creemore boutique brewery in Ontario. The company invests in communities Canada-wide through various charitable giving initiatives as well as sport and entertainment sponsorships. Molson Canada is part of the Molson Coors Brewing Company.

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Medalla Light beer
Medalla Light
Produced by Cervecería India

Medalla Light is a light lager beer and one of the best-selling beers in Puerto Rico. Its popularity may be due to its lower cost compared to its competitors, in part because it is exempt from a special tax on imported beers. This situation is often used by the brewery's marketing efforts by stating that Puerto Rico is a "permanent Happy Hour zone" (Zona de Happy Hour Permanente in Spanglish). Medalla was awarded medallions in Australia, Barcelona and New Zealand, as one of the best beers of the world, according to Cervecería India's president, Camalia Valdés. According to the company, the beer was awarded for its manufacturing process, the quality of the product, and commitment to its unique taste.

The awards were: Gold medal and best beer in its class in the International Golden Lager category at the 2007 New Zealand Beer Awards, Quality Medal for the third consecutive year at the World Selection contest 2007, and Quality Medal at the 2007 Australian International Beer Awards, the second biggest beer competition in the world.

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Beer is proof that God loves us and wants us to be happy.
— Ben Franklin

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The landmark Grain Belt beer sign
Credit: Mulad, June 4, 2005

The landmark Grain Belt beer sign on Nicollet Island in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

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Eberhard Anheuser
B. 1805 – d. 2 May 1880

Eberhard Anheuser' was a German-born soap and candle maker as well as the father-in-law of Adolphus Busch, with whom he founded the Anheuser-Busch Company. He and 2 of his brothers moved to America in 1842. He was a major creditor of the Bavarian Brewery Company, a struggling brewery founded in 1853. When the company encountered financial difficulty in 1860 he purchased the minor creditors' interests and took over the company.

Eberhard Anheuser became president and CEO and changed the company name to the Eberhard Anheuser and Company. His daughter Lilly married Adolphus Busch, a brewery supply salesman, in a double wedding with Anna Anheuser (Lilly's older sister) and Ulrich Busch (Adolphus' brother) in 1861. The company became Anheuser-Busch in 1879.

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