Siwana

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Siwana

Gadh Siwana (Gadh = Fort)
Siwana is located in Rajasthan
Siwana
Siwana
Location in Rajasthan, India
Siwana is located in India
Siwana
Siwana
Siwana (India)
Coordinates: 25°37′59″N 72°25′0″E / 25.63306°N 72.41667°E / 25.63306; 72.41667Coordinates: 25°37′59″N 72°25′0″E / 25.63306°N 72.41667°E / 25.63306; 72.41667
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictBarmer district
Government
 • BodyTehsil and Sub Division
Elevation
184 m (604 ft)
Population
 • Total213,648
Languages
 • OfficialHindi& Marwari [Siwanchi]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
344044
Telephone code+912901
Vehicle registrationRJ-39
Nearest cityBalotra
Lok Sabha constituencyBarmer (Lok Sabha constituency)
Vidhan Sabha constituencySiwana
Civic agencyTEHSIL
Websitewww.siwana.in

Siwana is a Tehsil in Barmer district in Indian state of Rajasthan, located 151 km from Barmer. The place is known for its fort which is locally known as Gadh Siwana, Gadh means Fort. Siwana have 130 villages. total Population as per 2001 census is 213,648,[1] 111,155 male and 102,493 female. Siwana is nearest city Balotara 35 km from siwana.

Fort[edit]

The ruined Siwana fort (Gadh Siwana) is situated on a hilltop. According to bardic tradition, Siwana was established by Vira-narayana, a son of the 11th century Paramara king Bhoja.[2]

In 1308, Alauddin Khalji of Delhi Sultanate defeated Sitala Deva, the local ruler. To commemorate Sitala Deva's heroic defence of the fort, an annual fair called the Kalyan Singh Ka Mela is still held within the precincts of the fort in the month of Shraavana (July-Aug). Later, in the period 1318-20, Luntiga Chauhan stormed the fort of Siwana and slaughtered its Muslim garrison. It was later captured by the Rathors of Marwar and remained a part of Marwar till independence of India. Siwana was the capital of Rao Chandrasen Rathore when he had opposed the Mughal emperor. Siwana was captured by Padshah Akbar in 1576, but was later restored to Raja Udai Singh of Marwar.

Geography[edit]

The city lies in between mountains of Aravali Ranges on around. The only one of biggest Dam of Barmer district Meli bandh is at 7 km from Siwana. The main occupation is farming. Bajra (pearl millet), Moong (greengram), Til (seasamum) & jowar(sorghum) are main Productions in Rainy season. Jeera(Cumin), Erendi(Castor), Mustard & veggies in winter are mainly the yields .

Recently due to exploitation of water and unorganised measures to harvest rainwater the area has a serious water problem.[citation needed] Siwana is also known for mines producing granite.

Tourism[edit]

Ashapurna temple, It is a large temple made of white marble.

Baba Ramdev Temple, It is a temple also made of white marble.

Manch Guru Temple, It is an old samadhi temple lies which has live samadhis of Four great saints who lived there.

Bheem Goda, Hinglaj Mata Temple, Ushtradevi and Haldeshwar temples are other attractions near Siwana.

Ramdev ji ki beri, kuship, is a Holy place situated between the aravali parvatamala.

Hinglaj Mata temple situated in Than village, 10 km from Siwana city centre of Gandhi Chowk. This is one of the most revered Hinglaj Mata temple in India after Pakistan.[citation needed]

Administration[edit]

The present MLA of Siwana is Hameer Singh Bhayal from BJP who defeated Nirmal Daas from Congress.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/PopulationFinder/Sub_Districts_Master.aspx?state_code=08&district_code=17
  2. ^ Manjit Singh Ahluwalia (1978). Muslim Expansion in Rajasthan: The Relations of Delhi Sultanate with Rajasthan, 1206-1526. Yugantar. p. 107.