Gadh Siwana (Gadh = Fort)
|• Body||Tehsil and Sub Division|
|Elevation||184 m (604 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi& Marwari [Siwanchi]|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Barmer (Lok Sabha constituency)|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Siwana|
Siwana is a Tehsil in Barmer district in Indian state of Rajasthan, located 151 km from Barmer. The place is known for its fort which is locally known as Gadh Siwana, Gadh means Fort. Siwana have 130 villages. total Population as per 2001 census is 213,648, 111,155 male and 102,493 female. Siwana is nearest city Balotara 35 km from siwana.
In 1308, Alauddin Khalji of Delhi Sultanate defeated Sitala Deva, the local ruler. To commemorate Sitala Deva's heroic defence of the fort, an annual fair called the Kalyan Singh Ka Mela is still held within the precincts of the fort in the month of Shraavana (July-Aug). Later, in the period 1318-20, Luntiga Chauhan stormed the fort of Siwana and slaughtered its Muslim garrison. It was later captured by the Rathors of Marwar and remained a part of Marwar till independence of India. Siwana was the capital of Rao Chandrasen Rathore when he had opposed the Mughal emperor. Siwana was captured by Padshah Akbar in 1576, but was later restored to Raja Udai Singh of Marwar.
The city lies in between mountains of Aravali Ranges on around. The only one of biggest Dam of Barmer district Meli bandh is at 7 km from Siwana. The main occupation is farming. Bajra (pearl millet), Moong (greengram), Til (seasamum) & jowar(sorghum) are main Productions in Rainy season. Jeera(Cumin), Erendi(Castor), Mustard & veggies in winter are mainly the yields .
Ashapurna temple, It is a large temple made of white marble.
Baba Ramdev Temple, It is a temple also made of white marble.
Manch Guru Temple, It is an old samadhi temple lies which has live samadhis of Four great saints who lived there.
Bheem Goda, Hinglaj Mata Temple, Ushtradevi and Haldeshwar temples are other attractions near Siwana.
Ramdev ji ki beri, kuship, is a Holy place situated between the aravali parvatamala.
The present MLA of Siwana is Hameer Singh Bhayal from BJP who defeated Nirmal Daas from Congress.
- Manjit Singh Ahluwalia (1978). Muslim Expansion in Rajasthan: The Relations of Delhi Sultanate with Rajasthan, 1206-1526. Yugantar. p. 107.