Union Government ministries of India

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The Government of India exercises its executive authority through a number of government ministries or departments of state. A ministry is composed of employed officials, known as civil servants, and is politically accountable through a minister. Most major ministries are headed by a Cabinet Minister, who sits in the Union Council of Ministers, and is typically supported by a team of junior ministers.

Some ministers have subdivisions called departments. For example, the Ministry of Communications has two departments - the Department of Telecommunications and Department of Posts.

List of Union Government Ministries [as on November 2019][edit]

The recently concluded general election of 2019 ended with a sliding victory for the National Democratic Alliance with Bharatiya Janata Party alone securing about 303 seats. Narendra Modi was selected as the leader of the 17th Lok sabha. He along with other fifty eight members took oath on 30th may at 7 PM which was administered by the President Ram Nath Kovind. The August ceremony was attended by prominent leaders of BIMSTEC countries as chief guests

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List of Cabinet Ministers and Ministers of Independent Charge
Ministry name Established Minister responsible Minister rank[a]
1 Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare 1947 Narendra Singh Tomar Cabinet
2 Ministry of AYUSH 2014 9 November Shripad Yasso Naik Minister of State (Independent Charge)
3 Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers 1991 5 June D.V. Sadanand Gowda Cabinet
4 Ministry of Civil Aviation Hardeep Singh Puri Minister of State (Independent Charge)
5 Ministry of Coal Pralhad Joshi Cabinet
6 Ministry of Commerce and Industry 1947 15 August Piyush Goyal Cabinet
7 Ministry of Communications 2016 19 July Ravi Shankar Prasad Cabinet
8 Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Ram Vilas Paswan Cabinet
9 Ministry of Corporate Affairs Nirmala Sitharaman Cabinet
10 Ministry of Culture Prahalad Singh Patel Minister of State (Independent Charge)
11 Ministry of Defence 1947 15 August Rajnath Singh Cabinet
12 Ministry for Development of North Eastern Region 2009 31 May Jitendra Singh Minister of State (Independent Charge)
13 Ministry of Earth Sciences 2006 Harsh Vardhan Cabinet
14 Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology 2016 19 July Ravi Shankar Prasad Cabinet
15 Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change 1985 Prakash Javadekar Cabinet
16 Ministry of External Affairs 1946 2 September Dr.Subrahmanyam Jaishankar Cabinet
17 Ministry of Finance 1946 29 October Nirmala Sitharaman Cabinet
18 Ministry of Food Processing Industries 1988 Harsimrat Kaur Badal Cabinet
19 Ministry of Health and Family Welfare 1947 15 August Harsh Vardhan Cabinet
20 Ministry of Home Affairs 1947 15 August Amit Shah Cabinet
21 Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Prakash Javadekar Cabinet
22 Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs 2017 Hardeep Singh Puri Minister of State (Independent charge)
23 Ministry of Human Resource Development(Education) 1947 15 August Ramesh Pokhriyal Cabinet
24 Ministry of Information and Broadcasting 1947 15 August Prakash Javadekar Cabinet
25 Ministry of Jal Shakti (Water) 2019, May 30 Gajendra Singh Shekhawat Cabinet
26 Ministry of Labour and Employment Santosh Gangwar Minister of State (Independent Charge)
27 Ministry of Law and Justice 1947 15 August Ravi Shankar Prasad Cabinet
28 Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises 2007 9 May Nitin Gadkari Cabinet
29 Ministry of Mines Pralhad Joshi Cabinet
30 Ministry of Minority Affairs 2006 Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi Cabinet
31 Ministry of New and Renewable Energy 1992 R. K. Singh Minister of State (Independent Charge)
32 Ministry of Science and Technology 1971 May Harsh Vardhan Cabinet
33 Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs 1949 Pralhad Joshi Cabinet
34 Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions 1970 1 August Narendra Modi Prime Minister of India (Additional Charge)
35 Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan Cabinet
36 Ministry of Planning Rao Inderjit Singh Minister of State (Independent Charge)
37 Ministry of Panchayati Raj 2004 27 May Narendra Singh Tomar Cabinet
38 Ministry of Rural Development Narendra Singh Tomar Cabinet
39 Ministry of Road Transport and Highways 1942 July Nitin Gadkari Cabinet
40 Ministry of Power 1992 2 July R. K. Singh Cabinet
41 Ministry of Railways 1947 15 August Piyush Goyal Cabinet
42 Ministry of Shipping 1947 15 August Nitin Gadkari Cabinet
43 Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment 1985 Thawar Chand Gehlot Cabinet
44 Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation Rao Inderjit Singh Minister of State (Independent Charge)
45 Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2014 9 November Mahendra Nath Pandey Cabinet
46 Ministry of Steel Dharmendra Pradhan Cabinet
47 Ministry of Textiles Smriti Irani Cabinet
48 Ministry of Tourism 1999 Prahlad Singh Patel Minister of State (Independent Charge)
49 Ministry of Tribal Affairs 1999 Arjun Munda Cabinet
50 Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying And Fisheries 2019, May 30 Giriraj Singh Cabinet
51 Ministry of Women and Child Development 1985 Smriti Irani Cabinet
52 Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports 2000 27 May Kiren Rijiju Minister of State (Independent Charge)

Independent departments[edit]

The following are independent departments of the Government of India that are not under any union ministry. They come directly under Prime Minister's Office.

Defunct ministries[edit]

The following ministries once functioned, but have since become defunct, generally because of a merger with another ministry or division into new ministries.

Ministry name Established Defunct Fate
Ministry of Agriculture August 1947 1 February 1951 Merged to constitute the Ministry of Food and Agriculture.[1]
Ministry of Food 29 August 1947
Ministry of Food and Agriculture 1 February 1951 October 1956 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Food.
Ministry of Agriculture October 1956 17 April 1957 Merged once again to form the Ministry of Food and Agriculture.[1]
Ministry of Food
Ministry of Food and Agriculture 17 April 1957 January 1966 Merged with the Ministry of Community Development and Cooperation to form the Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Community Development and Cooperation. The new ministry was renamed the Ministry of Agriculture in 1971, with four departments.[1]
Ministry of Agriculture January 1966 1983 The Department of Food was separated from the ministry, and elevated to the new Ministry of Food and Civil Supplies.[1]
Ministry of Food and Civil Supplies 1983 June 1991 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Food and the Ministry of Civil Supplies.[1]
Ministry of Food June 1991 4 June 1997 Merged to form Ministry of Food and Consumer Affairs with three departments - Department of Food & Civil Supplies, Department of Sugar and Edible Oils and Department of Consumer Affairs. On 15 October 1999, the new ministry was renamed as the Ministry of Consumer Affairs & Public Distribution, having the same three departments. On 17 July 2000, the Ministry of Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution was renamed as the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, with two departments - Department of Food & Public Distribution and Department of Consumer Affairs.[1]
Ministry of Civil Supplies
Ministry of National Resources and Scientific Research 1951 [2]
Ministry of Irrigation and Power 1952 November 1974 Bifurcated into a separate Department of Irrigation under the reconstituted Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, and a separate ministry.[2]
Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation November 1974 22 July 1980 Following the formation of the Ministry of Irrigation in June 1980, three items of work were transferred from the ministry to the new ministry, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation was renamed the Ministry of Agriculture.[2]
Ministry of Energy and Irrigation January 1980 9 June 1980 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Energy and the Department of Irrigation (which was brought under the ministry in January 1980) was elevated to the new Ministry of Irrigation.[2]
Ministry of Irrigation 9 June 1980 January 1985 Merged with the Ministry of Power to once again, form the Ministry of Irrigation and Power.[2]
Ministry of Irrigation and Power January 1985 September 1985 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Power and the Department of Irrigation was re-constituted as the Ministry of Water Resources. On 31 July 2014, the Ministry of Water Resources was renamed as Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation.[2]
Ministry of Surface Transport 22 October 1986 17 November 2000 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Shipping and the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
Ministry of Small Scale Industries and Agro and Rural Industries October 1999 September 2001 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries and the Ministry of Small Scale Industries.
Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries September 2001 2007 Merged with the Ministry of Small Scale Industries to form the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
Ministry of Small Scale Industries September 2001 2007 Merged with the Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries to form the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs May 2004 7 January

2016

Merged with the Ministry of External Affairs
Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (India) August 1947 5 July 2016 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology and the Ministry of Communications (India)
Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation 2011 May 2019 Merged with the Ministry of Jal Shakti

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cabinet : Cabinet rank
    MoS : Minister of State
    MoS (I) : Minister of State with Independent Charge

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "History". dfpd.nic.in. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India". wrmin.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-06-06.

See also[edit]